Antecedent Immunosuppressive Therapy for Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases in the Setting of a COVID-19 Outbreak
Veenstra J, Buechler CR, Robinson G, Chapman S, Adelman M, Tisack A, Dimitrion P, Todter E, Kohen L, and Lim HW. Antecedent Immunosuppressive Therapy for Immune-Mediated Inflammatory Diseases in the Setting of a COVID-19 Outbreak. J Am Acad Dermatol 2020.
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
BACKGROUND: Finite clinical data and understanding of COVID-19 immunopathology has led to limited, opinion-based recommendations for management of immune-mediated inflammatory disease (IMID) patients on immunosuppressive (IS) therapeutics.
OBJECTIVE: Determine if IS therapeutic type impacts COVID-19 risk among IMID patients.
METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of Henry Ford Health System (HFHS) patients tested for COVID-19 between February 1
RESULTS: Of 213 IMID patients, 36.2% tested positive for COVID-19, who had no greater odds of being hospitalized or requiring ventilation relative to the general population. No IS therapeutic worsened the course of disease after multivariate correction, though multi-drug regimens and biologics predicted an increased and decreased rate of hospitalization, respectively, with the latter driven by TNFα inhibitors.
LIMITATIONS: A single-center study somewhat limits generalization to community-based settings. Only patients tested for COVID-19 were analyzed.
CONCLUSION: IS therapies for IMIDs are not associated with a significantly greater risk of SARS-CoV-2 or severe sequelae when controlling for other factors, and TNFα inhibitors may decrease odds of severe infection.
ePub ahead of print