Evaluation of an SPF50 Sunscreen Containing Photolyase and Antioxidants for its Anti-Photoaging Properties and Photoprotection
Kern J, Wood E, Almukhtar R, Angra K, Lipp M, and Goldman M. Evaluation of an SPF50 Sunscreen Containing Photolyase and Antioxidants for its Anti-Photoaging Properties and Photoprotection. J Drugs Dermatol 2022; 21(5):517-520.
Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD
BACKGROUND: Background: Skin exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) causes DNA damage, which can lead to mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, cellular death, and photoaging. Signs of photoaging include wrinkling, erythema, skin laxity, uneven skin texture, and hyperpigmentation. Photolyase is an exogenous DNA repair enzyme that can restore DNA integrity when applied topically to human skin. Antioxidants also play a key role in reducing UVR-associated molecular damage.
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of a tinted mineral-based sunscreen containing 10.7% zinc oxide (SPF50) with the active ingredients photolyase, antioxidants (Peptide Q10), and peptides in both protecting and repairing signs of photoaging.
METHODS: In an open-label, single-center, 12-week study, patients aged 35–55 years and Fitzpatrick skin phototypes II–IV applied the sunscreen daily for 84 days. VISIA photography was performed at baseline as well as 6- and 12-week follow-ups. At each visit, the investigator and subject evaluated clinical photoaging parameters including overall photodamage, fine lines/wrinkles, coarse lines/wrinkles, skin tone evenness, tactile roughness, and radiance.
RESULTS: The Investigator Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (IGAIS) found that 63% of patients showed improvement at week 6 and 81% at week 12. The Subject Global Aesthetic Improvement Scale (SGAIS) showed 58% and 62.5% of patients reported the appearance of their skin was improved at week 6 and 12, respectively. Overall, there was a statistically significant improvement in skin radiance as well as improvement in overall facial aesthetics reported by both investigators and subjects.
CONCLUSION: This tinted mineral based SPF50 sunscreen containing photolyase, antioxidants, and peptides is effective at repairing some clinical signs of photoaging and is well-tolerated for daily use.
Medical Subject Headings
Administration, Cutaneous; Antioxidants; Deoxyribodipyrimidine Photo-Lyase; Humans; Skin Aging; Sunscreening Agents; Treatment Outcome; Ultraviolet Rays