Jacob JB, Wei KC, Bepler G, Reyes JD, Cani A, Polin L, White K, Kim S, Viola N, McGrath J, Guastella A, Yin C, Mi QS, Kidder BL, Wagner KU, Ratner S, Phillips V, Xiu J, Parajuli P, and Wei WZ. Identification of actionable targets for breast cancer intervention using a diversity outbred mouse model. iScience 2023; 26(4):106320.
HER2-targeted therapy has improved breast cancer survival, but treatment resistance and disease prevention remain major challenges. Genes that enable HER2/Neu oncogenesis are the next intervention targets. A bioinformatics discovery platform of HER2/Neu-expressing Diversity Outbred (DO) F1 Mice was established to identify cancer-enabling genes. Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) associated with onset ages and growth rates of spontaneous mammary tumors were sought. Twenty-six genes in 3 QTL contain sequence variations unique to the genetic backgrounds that are linked to aggressive tumors and 21 genes are associated with human breast cancer survival. Concurrent identification of TSC22D3, a transcription factor, and its target gene LILRB4, a myeloid cell checkpoint receptor, suggests an immune axis for regulation, or intervention, of disease. We also investigated TIEG1 gene that impedes tumor immunity but suppresses tumor growth. Although not an actionable target, TIEG1 study revealed genetic regulation of tumor progression, forming the basis of the genetics-based discovery platform.