Stein Gold L, Pinter A, Armstrong A, Augustin M, Arenberger P, Bhatia N, Praestegaard M, Iversen L, and Reich A. Calcipotriene and Betamethasone Dipropionate PAD-Cream Demonstrates Greater Treatment Efficacy in Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Psoriasis Compared to Topical Suspension/Gel: A Subgroup Analysis of Two Phase 3 Studies. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2023.
Dermatol Ther (Heidelb)
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis ranges from mild to severe with the majority of patients having mild disease. Mild to moderate disease is often treated with topical therapies while photo-, oral, and biologic therapies are generally reserved for moderate-to-severe disease. There is a strong scientific rationale for the combination of calcipotriene (CAL) and betamethasone dipropionate (BDP) with respect to mode of action, efficacy, and safety and CAL/BDP has shown an inhibitory effect on key pathogenic cytokines in psoriasis including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin (IL)-17, and IL-23.
METHODS: The objective of this pooled post hoc analysis is to investigate the efficacy of CAL/BDP polyaphron dispersion (PAD)-cream in subgroups of patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis from two completed phase 3 studies conducted in the USA and Europe.
RESULTS: The proportion of patients achieving Physician Global Assessment (PGA) treatment success as well as a modified Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (mPASI)75 response was higher in the subgroup with a body surface area > 10% and mPASI > 10 and Dermatology Life Quality Index > 10 at baseline compared to the overall patient population. Furthermore, the numerical difference in treatment efficacy between CAL/BDP PAD-cream and CAL/BDP topical suspension/gel increased in patient subgroups with higher baseline severity. Similar patterns were shown for the patient-reported outcomes.
CONCLUSION: In this subgroup analysis, patients who had higher disease severity at baseline achieved greater efficacy than the total patient population when treated with 8 weeks of CAL/BDP PAD-cream as compared to a currently marketed active comparator. Additionally, as indicated by this analysis, CAL/BDP PAD-cream treatment may also be more convenient and less greasy, which may reduce the burden of daily treatment and improve adherence to therapy.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT03308799 and NCT03802344.