MicroRNA-489 Induction by Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1 Protects against Ischemic Kidney Injury.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
MicroRNAs have been implicated in ischemic AKI. However, the specific microRNA species that regulates ischemic kidney injury remains unidentified. Our previous microarray analysis revealed microRNA-489 induction in kidneys of mice subjected to renal ischemia-reperfusion. In this study, we verified the induction of microRNA-489 during ischemic AKI in mice and further examined the underlying mechanisms. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α deficiency associated with diminished microRNA-489 induction in cultured rat proximal tubular cells subjected to hypoxia and kidney tissues of mice after renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. Moreover, genomic analysis revealed that microRNA-489 is intronic in the calcitonin receptor gene, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays showed increased binding of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 to a specific site in the calcitonin receptor gene promoter after hypoxia. Inhibition of microRNA-489 increased apoptosis in renal tubular cells after ATP depletion injury in vitro, whereas microRNA-489 mimics mediated protection. In mice, inhibition of microRNA-489 enhanced tubular cell death and ischemic AKI without significantly affecting tubular cell proliferation. Deep sequencing identified 417 mRNAs that were recruited to the RNA-induced silencing complex by microRNA-489. Of the identified mRNAs, 127 contain microRNA-489 targeting sites, and of those, 18 are involved in the cellular stress response, including the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 gene implicated in ischemic kidney injury. Sequence analysis and in vitro studies validated poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 as a microRNA-489 target. Together, these results suggest that microRNA-489 is induced via hypoxia-inducible factor-1 during ischemic AKI to protect kidneys by targeting relevant genes.
Medical Subject Headings
Acute Kidney Injury; Animals; Cells, Cultured; Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1; Kidney Tubules; Mice; MicroRNAs; Rats