Importance of treating acne sequelae in skin of color: 6-month phase IV study of trifarotene with an appropriate skincare routine including UV protection in acne-induced post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

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International journal of dermatology


BACKGROUND: Acne-induced hyperpigmentation (AIH) may accompany acne vulgaris (AV) inflammation in all skin phototypes. Trifarotene has shown depigmenting properties in vivo. This study evaluated trifarotene plus skincare because it is increasingly recognized that holistic AV management should include skincare and treatments.

METHODS: This is a phase IV double-blind, parallel-group study of patients (13-35 years) with moderate AV and AIH treated with trifarotene (N = 60) or vehicle (N = 63) plus skincare regimen (moisturizer, cleanser, and sunscreen) for 24 weeks. Assessments included the AIH overall disease severity (ODS) score, post-AV hyperpigmentation index (PAHPI), exit interviews, photography, and acne assessments. Standard safety assessments were included.

RESULTS: Trifarotene 50 μg/g cream improved significantly from baseline in ODS score versus vehicle (-1.6 vs. -1.1, P = 0.03) at Week 12, but scores were comparable between groups at Week 24 (primary endpoint). Trifarotene had a better reduction in PAHPI score at Week 24 (-18.9% vs. -11.3% vehicle, P < 0.01). Lesion count reductions were higher with trifarotene at Week 12 versus vehicle (P < 0.001) and at Week 24 (P < 0.05), as were IGA success rates versus vehicle at Weeks 12 (P < 0.05) and 24 (P < 0.05). Patients agreed that the skincare regimen contributed to less irritation, making treatment adherence easier. Photography showed improvements in pigmentation and erythema across all skin types. AEs were more common in the vehicle group versus trifarotene (30.2 vs. 16.7%, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: In all skin phototypes, there was more rapid improvement in the ODS and PAHPI scores with trifarotene by Weeks 12 and 24, respectively. The combination of trifarotene and skincare correlated with high patient satisfaction and adherence to the treatment protocol.

Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Acne Vulgaris; Hyperpigmentation; Double-Blind Method; Female; Male; Adolescent; Adult; Young Adult; Skin Care; Severity of Illness Index; Sunscreening Agents; Skin Pigmentation; Dermatologic Agents; Skin Cream; Retinoids

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ePub ahead of print





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