Two phase 3 study results of children and adults with mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis treated with Crisaborole Topical Ointment, 2%, a novel, nonsteroidal, topical, anti-inflammatory, phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor
Zane L, Paller A, Tom W, Lebwohl M, Blumenthal R, Boguniewicz M, Call R, Eichenfield L, Forsha D, Rees W, Simpson E, Stein Gold LF, Zaenglein A, Hebert A. Two phase 3 study results of children and adults with mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis treated with Crisaborole Topical Ointment, 2%, a novel, nonsteroidal, topical, anti-inflammatory, phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor. J Immunol 2016; 196(Suppl 1).
Up to 90% of children and adults with atopic dermatitis (AD), a chronic inflammatory skin disease, present with mild-to-moderate disease. Crisaborole Topical Ointment, 2%, is a novel, nonsteroidal, topical, anti-inflammatory, phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor being studied for the treatment of AD. The efficacy and safety of crisaborole was assessed in 2 identically designed, multicenter, vehicle-controlled, double-blind Phase 3 studies (301 and 302) that enrolled patients ≥2 years old with mild-to-moderate AD affecting ≥5% of body surface area (BSA). Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive crisaborole or vehicle twice daily and evaluated on Days 8, 15, 22, and 29. The primary endpoint defined success in the Investigator's Static Global Assessment (ISGA) as “almost clear/1” or “clear/0” with ≥2-grade improvement from baseline at Day 29. Secondary endpoints analyzed the time to success and the percentage of patients achieving “almost clear/1” or “clear/0” on ISGA. At Day 29, more crisaborole-treated patients achieved ISGA success than vehicle (301: 32.8% vs 25.4%, P = 0.038; 302: 31.4% vs 18.0%, P < 0.001), with a greater percentage of “almost clear/1” or “clear/0” ISGA scores (301: 51.7% vs 40.6%, P = 0.005; 302: 48.5% vs 29.7%, P < 0.001). Success in ISGA scores was achieved earlier with crisaborole than vehicle (P < 0.001). Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) were usually mild and included upper respiratory tract infection (pooled data, crisaborole vs vehicle: 3.0% vs 3.0%) and application site pain (4.4% vs 1.2%). AE-related discontinuation rates were low for both groups (1.2%). 2 large Phase 3 studies demonstrated crisaborole may represent a novel, safe, and efficacious treatment for patients with mild-to-moderate AD.