Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

J Am Acad Dermatol


Background: Diarrhea and nausea are the most common adverse events observed in phase 3 clinical trials and real-world studies of apremilast, an oral phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor indicated for moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted between June and November 2020 in the United States (US) and France among patients with moderate psoriasis experiencing gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms within 3 months of initiating apremilast.

Results: Dermatologists in US (200) and in France (52) abstracted patient charts (US: 494, France: 128). The following GI symptoms were reported: ‒diarrhea (US: 67% [331/494]; France: 76% [97/128]) with median time from onset to resolution/improvement of 26 days (US) and 21 days (France) ‒nausea (US: 52% [255/494]; France: 34% [44/128]) with median time from onset to resolution/improvement of 21 days (US) and 24 days (France). Management strategies for diarrhea included pharmacologic (loperamide/bismuth subsalicylate/racecadotril) with or without nonpharmacologic (dietary modifications, taking with food)/fiber (US: 30% [99/331], France: 41% [40/97]) and nonpharmacologic only (US: 32% [105/331], France: 27% [26/97]). Management strategies for nausea included pharmacologic (diphenhydramine/metoclopramide/metopimazine) with or without nonpharmacologic (dietary modifications, taking with food, avoidance of vigorous activity) (US: 5% [14/255], France: 30% [13/44]) and nonpharmacologic only (US: 58% [147/255], France: 36% [16/44]). Resolution/improvement of GI symptoms was observed in patients who used pharmacologic strategies and nonpharmacologic strategies.

Conclusions: Recommendations to manage diarrhea and nausea after apremilast initiation with pharmacologic or non-pharmacologic strategies were effective and symptoms usually resolved within 3-4 weeks of onset.





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