Nguyen A, Al Hage A, Yu H, and Gunaga S. Arterial Occlusion and Acute Deep Vein Thrombosis-Induced Acute Limb Ischemia in a COVID-19 Patient. Cureus 2022; 14(7):e26689.
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral illness known to elicit a hypercoagulable state leading to a myriad of vascular pathologies. Over the course of the COVID-19 pandemic, widespread insults to the venous system have been well documented, with an increasing number of arterial events being reported. Despite the rising incidence of both pathological manifestations, these events are rare, but when present, serve as significant life threats to the patient in question. We report and discuss a case of a 69-year-old female with no thromboembolic risk factors or systemic signs of illness who presented with signs and symptoms consistent with acute limb ischemia (ALI). The patient was ultimately found to have occlusion of multiple arterial and venous vessels. She tested positive for COVID-19 despite being otherwise asymptomatic from a viral syndrome standpoint. To our knowledge, there are no reports in the medical literature of ALI - in the setting of arterial occlusion and concomitant deep vein thrombosis (DVT) - as the sole clinical manifestation in an asymptomatic patient without thrombotic risk factors who was only incidentally found to be COVID-19-positive. This case underscores the atypical manifestations and deleterious effects associated with COVID-19 and the need to have a high index of suspicion for a multitude of pathologies when facing this viral illness.