Race differences in cardiac testing rates for patients with chest pain in a multisite cohort

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Academic emergency medicine


BACKGROUND: Identifying and eliminating racial health care disparities is a public health priority. However, data evaluating race differences in emergency department (ED) chest pain care are limited.

METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of the High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T to Optimize Chest Pain Risk Stratification (STOP-CP) cohort, which prospectively enrolled adults with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome without ST-elevation from eight EDs in the United States from 2017 to 2018. Race was self-reported by patients and abstracted from health records. Rates of 30-day noninvasive testing (NIT), cardiac catheterization, revascularization, and adjudicated cardiac death or myocardial infarction (MI) were determined. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between race and 30-day outcomes with and without adjustment for potential confounders.

RESULTS: Among 1454 participants, 42.3% (615/1454) were non-White. At 30 days NIT occurred in 31.4% (457/1454), cardiac catheterization in 13.5% (197/1454), revascularization in 6.0% (87/1454), and cardiac death or MI in 13.1% (190/1454). Among Whites versus non-Whites, NIT occurred in 33.8% (284/839) versus 28.1% (173/615; odds ratio [OR] 0.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.61-0.96) and catheterization in 15.9% (133/839) versus 10.4% (64/615; OR 0.62, 95% CI 0.45-0.84). After covariates were adjusted for, non-White race remained associated with decreased 30-day NIT (adjusted OR [aOR] 0.71, 95% CI 0.56-0.90) and cardiac catheterization (aOR 0.62, 95% CI 0.43-0.88). Revascularization occurred in 6.9% (58/839) of Whites versus 4.7% (29/615) of non-Whites (OR 0.67, 95% CI 0.42-1.04). Cardiac death or MI at 30 days occurred in 14.2% of Whites (119/839) versus 11.5% (71/615) of non-Whites (OR 0.79 95% CI 0.57-1.08). After adjustment there was still no association between race and 30-day revascularization (aOR 0.74, 95% CI 0.45-1.20) or cardiac death or MI (aOR 0.74, 95% CI 0.50-1.09).

CONCLUSIONS: In this U.S. cohort, non-White patients were less likely to receive NIT and cardiac catheterization compared to Whites but had similar rates of revascularization and cardiac death or MI.

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ePub ahead of print