Establishment and characterization of long-term human primary parathyroid tumor subclones derived from Indian PHPT

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

3 Biotech


The continuous cell line of epithelial human parathyroid cells has been proven difficult. Previously, PTH-C1 cell line was only established rat parathyroid tissue cell line known to express the parathyroid hormone-related peptide (Pthrp) gene. The paucity of continuous cell line of human parathyroid cells secreting parathyroid hormone (PTH) has imposed hurdle in in vitro assessment of the mechanisms involved in the control of parathyroid cell function and proliferation. The primary cell cultures of human parathyroid cells were derived from parathyroid adenoma tissue biopsy (n = 5). The cells were subsequently subcultured to maintained primary subclones. Karyotyping analysis was performed to analyze the genotypic identity of derived subclones. The expression of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were analyzed using immunocytochemistry and immunofluorescence. In the present study, we have used a defined condition medium to generate the continuous culture of human parathyroid cells derived from patients with parathyroid adenoma due to primary hyperparathyroidism. The subcultured primary subclones were maintained epithelial and polygonal morphology, doubling time of approximately 25 h, displaying a diploid chromosome number, and secretion of PTH. This cell line produces PTH and expresses the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) known to be involved in parathyroid function. Altogether these findings indicate the uniqueness of the human parathyroid cell line as an in vitro model for cellular and molecular studies on parathyroid physiopathology.

PubMed ID






First Page


Last Page