Title

Antenatal inflammation and gestational diabetes mellitus risk among pregnant African-American women.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2016

Publication Title

Journal of reproductive immunology

Abstract

Although inflammation is associated with risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), little is known if there is an association between inflammation and GDM in African-American women, a group at higher risk for GDM complications. In the present study, we aimed to determine if selected inflammatory cytokines (i.e. TNF-α, hs-CRP, IL-6, IL-10, IL-6/IL-10 ratio, IL-1β) measured in the 2nd trimester, were associated with GDM risk in 185 pregnant African-American women. GDM was defined as a physician-documented GDM diagnosis, a fasting glucose between 92 and 125mg/dl, or evidence of glucose intolerance (defined using the 3-h glucose tolerance test). A total of 18 women (9.7%) had GDM. After covariate adjustment, C-reactive protein, measured at a mean 21.2±3.7 weeks gestation, was statistically significantly associated with GDM development (P=0.025); for every one-unit increase in log-transformed C-reactive protein, the odds of GDM increased by 5.3. Results were similar using a principal component analysis approach. This study provides evidence that higher levels of 2nd trimester C-reactive protein is associated with increased risk of GDM in African-American women. Further research is needed to examine whether C-reactive protein may be a useful early-pregnancy screen for evaluating potential GDM risk in African-American women.

Medical Subject Headings

Adolescent; Adult; African Americans; Biomarkers; C-Reactive Protein; Cytokines; Diabetes Mellitus; Female; Humans; Inflammation; Inflammation Mediators; Pregnancy; Pregnancy Complications; Principal Component Analysis; Risk; United States; Young Adult

PubMed ID

27061480

Volume

115

First Page

1

Last Page

5

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