Spontaneously recovered severe thrombocytopaenia following zoledronic acid infusion for osteoporosis

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BMJ Case Rep


Zoledronic acid is widely used for the treatment of various skeletal disorders. While acute phase reactions are commonly seen, hypocalcaemia, femoral shaft fractures, osteonecrosis of the jaw and renal failure are rare. Two cases of fatal thrombocytopaenic purpura have been reported following zoledronic acid infusion. We report a case of non-fatal thrombocytopaenia with spontaneous recovery. A 70-year woman with osteoporosis participated in a research study. Complete blood and platelet counts prior to zoledronic acid infusion were normal (138,000/µL), but had declined slightly from 185,000/µL 2 years ago. One year after the first zoledronic acid infusion, her platelet count declined to 50,000/µL without any clinical manifestations, and rose slowly returning to normal (156,000/µL) over the next 1 year. Extensive evaluation did not reveal any specific abnormalities, and the pathogenesis of her transient severe thrombocytopaenia after two infusions of zoledronic acid remains unclear.

Medical Subject Headings

Aged; Bone Density Conservation Agents; Diagnosis, Differential; Diphosphonates; Female; Humans; Imidazoles; Infusions, Intravenous; Osteoporosis; Platelet Count; Remission, Spontaneous; Thrombocytopenia; Zoledronic Acid

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