Assessing the Adequacy of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis for High-Risk Patients in Primary Care.

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J Am Board Fam Med


INTRODUCTION: The exact prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is unknown, and primary care providers are left with conflicting guidance on screening criteria from various institutions. The purpose of this study was to identify health care gaps in OSA diagnosis for patients at high risk of OSA.

METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was performed assessing adult patients (≥ 18 years) who had outpatient visits in family medicine clinics, located in the cities of Detroit, Troy, and Commerce, Michigan in 2018. The primary outcome was the number of patients assessed for OSA. Patients determined as high risk for OSA had at least 3 of the following criteria: (1) hypertension, (2) age 50 years and older, (3) male gender, and (4) body mass index > 35 kg/m

RESULTS: Out of 30,022 patients, 4,911 (16.4%) were at high risk for OSA, of which 1,524 (31.0%) were assessed for OSA. Logistic regression analysis of high-risk patients revealed that male sex (odds ratio, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.51-2.26;

CONCLUSION: Because many individuals at high risk for OSA are not referred for evaluation, improved guidance on OSA screening based on objective risk factors is needed.

Medical Subject Headings

Adult; Body Mass Index; Humans; Hypertension; Male; Middle Aged; Primary Health Care; Retrospective Studies; Sleep Apnea, Obstructive

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