Pylephlebitis Caused by Actinomyces Bacteremia.
Cureus 2018; 10(6):e2887
Pylephlebitis is a thrombophlebitis of the portal vein or its branches, which usually occurs as a complication of intra-abdominal infections that are drained by the portal vein, most commonly as a result of diverticulitis or appendicitis. Diagnosis of pylephlebitis is achieved by visualizing a portal vein thrombosis in a patient with bacteremia or a recent intra-abdominal infection. Many microorganisms have been reported to cause this infection. However, Actinomyces has never been reported before as a cause of pylephlebitis. Here, we describe a case of a 56-year-old female who had pylephlebitis that was caused by Actinomyces bacteremia and was treated with intravenous antibiotics.