Hartgerink C, Nimri FM, Zuchelli T, Jafri SM, and Piraka C. Band Ligation Can Be Used to Treat Barrett's Esophagus and Concurrent Esophageal Varices: A Case Series. Dig Dis Sci 2022.
Digestive diseases and sciences
BACKGROUND: Patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal varices present a unique management dilemma. Endoscopic ablation and endoscopic resection are not suitable treatment options due to bleeding risk. Data are limited on successful eradication of BE and esophageal varices utilizing band ligation.
AIMS: To assess the outcomes of patients with BE and esophageal varices treated with banding.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with BE and esophageal varices who were treated with band ligation.
RESULTS: A total of eight patients were included in the case series. In all eight cases, BE and esophageal varices were successfully treated with band ligation alone. There were no bleeding, perforation or infectious complications in any patients undergoing banding for treatment of BE. Four patients had biopsy-proven dysplasia prior to treatment with band ligation. After band ligation, the 2 of 4 dysplastic cases that had repeat biopsies showed histologic resolution of the dysplasia. All patients who received banding for BE were followed at least yearly except for one patient lost to follow up. No interval esophageal cancers were reported in any patients with BE that were banded.
CONCLUSIONS: Band ligation was used to treat BE pathology in eight patients with esophageal varices. Treatment of dysplasia through this method yielded negative biopsies both for dysplasia and BE on repeat endoscopy. This case series highlights the value of utilizing band ligation to address the management dilemma of BE in the context of esophageal varices.
ePub ahead of print