An analysis of the outcomes of Clostridioides difficile occurring in intestinal transplant recipients requiring hospitalization

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Transplant infectious disease


BACKGROUND: Organ transplantation is a known risk factor for Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI). There is limited published data on the impact of CDI in the intestinal transplant population.

METHODS: We utilized the National Readmission Database (2010-2017) to study the outcomes of CDI in patients having a history of intestinal transplantation. Association of CDI with readmission and hospital resource utilization was computed in multivariable models adjusted for demographics and comorbidities.

RESULTS: During 2010-2017, 8442 hospitalizations with the history of intestinal transplantation had indexed hospital admissions. Of these, 320 (3.8%) had CDI. CDI hospitalization in intestine transplant patients was associated with higher median cost $54 430 (IQR: 27 231, 109 980) as compared to patients who did not have CDI $48 888 (IQR: 22 578, 112 777), (β: 71 814 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 676-142 953, p = .048). The median length of stay was also longer for patients with CDI 7 (IQR: 4, 13) days as compared to 5 (IQR: 3, 11) days in non-CDI (β: 5.51 95% CI: 0.73-10.29, p = .02). The mortality rate, intestinal transplant complications, presence of malnutrition, acute kidney injury, ICU admissions, and sepsis were similar in both groups. CDI was the top cause of 30-day readmission in the intestinal transplant recipients with CDI during the index admission; the number of 30-day readmissions also increased from 2010 to 2017.

CONCLUSION: CDI hospitalization in post-intestine transplant patients occurs commonly and is associated with a longer length of stay and higher costs during hospitalization. The CDI was the most common cause of readmission after the index admission of CDI in these patients.

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ePub ahead of print

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