Selim R, and Ahn J. Pruritus in Chronic Liver Disease. Clin Liver Dis 2023; 27(1):47-55.
Clinics in liver disease
Pruritus can be associated with chronic liver disease, particularly cholestatic liver disease. Although the pathophysiology is uncertain, there are a few proposed mechanisms and much is still being discovered. Workup involves an assessment to rule out a dermatologic, neurologic, psychogenic, or other underlying systemic disorder. First-line therapy is cholestyramine, which is generally well tolerated and effective. In those who fail cholestyramine, alternative drugs including rifampicin and μ-opioid receptor antagonists can be considered. If medical therapy is ineffective and pruritus is significant, alternative experimental therapies such as albumin dialysis, photopheresis, plasmapheresis, and biliary diversion can be considered.
Medical Subject Headings
Humans; Cholestyramine Resin; Pruritus; Liver Diseases; Cholestasis; Narcotic Antagonists