Sepsis during short bowel syndrome hospitalizations: Identifying trends, disparities, and clinical outcomes in the United States

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World J Gastrointest Pathophysiol


BACKGROUND: Short bowel syndrome (SBS) hospitalizations are often complicated with sepsis. There is a significant paucity of data on adult SBS hospitalizations in the United States and across the globe.

AIM: To assess trends and outcomes of SBS hospitalizations complicated by sepsis in the United States.

METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was utilized to identify all adult SBS hospitalizations between 2005-2014. The study cohort was further divided based on the presence or absence of sepsis. Trends were identified, and hospitalization characteristics and clinical outcomes were compared. Predictors of mortality for SBS hospitalizations complicated with sepsis were assessed.

RESULTS: Of 247097 SBS hospitalizations, 21.7% were complicated by sepsis. Septic SBS hospitalizations had a rising trend of hospitalizations from 20.8% in 2005 to 23.5% in 2014 (P trend < 0.0001). Compared to non-septic SBS hospitalizations, septic SBS hospitalizations had a higher proportion of males (32.8% vs 29.3%, P < 0.0001), patients in the 35-49 (45.9% vs 42.5%, P < 0.0001) and 50-64 (32.1% vs 31.1%, P < 0.0001) age groups, and ethnic minorities, i.e., Blacks (12.4% vs 11.3%, P < 0.0001) and Hispanics (6.7% vs 5.5%, P < 0.0001). Furthermore, septic SBS hospitalizations had a higher proportion of patients with intestinal transplantation (0.33% vs 0.22%, P < 0.0001), inpatient mortality (8.5% vs 1.4%, P < 0.0001), and mean length of stay (16.1 d vs 7.7 d, P < 0.0001) compared to the non-sepsis cohort. A younger age, female gender, White race, and presence of comorbidities such as anemia and depression were identified to be independent predictors of inpatient mortality for septic SBS hospitalizations.

CONCLUSION: Septic SBS hospitalizations had a rising trend between 2005-2014 and were associated with higher inpatient mortality compared to non-septic SBS hospitalizations.

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