Mok T, Peters S, Camidge DR, Noé J, Gadgeel S, Ou SI, Kim DW, Konopa K, Pozzi E, Liu T, Loftin IR, Williams C, and Shaw AT. Outcomes According to ALK Status Determined by Central Immunohistochemistry or Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization in Patients With ALK-Positive NSCLC Enrolled in the Phase 3 ALEX Study. J Thorac Oncol 2021; 16(2):259-268.
J Thorac Oncol
INTRODUCTION: We retrospectively examined progression-free survival (PFS) and response by ALK fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) status in patients with advanced ALK immunohistochemistry (IHC)-positive NSCLC in the ALEX study.
METHODS: A total of 303 treatment-naive patients were randomized to receive twice-daily alectinib 600 mg or crizotinib 250 mg. ALK status was assessed centrally using Ventana ALK (D5F3) CDx IHC and Vysis ALK Break Apart FISH Probe Kit. Primary end point is investigator-assessed PFS. Secondary end points of interest are objective response rate and duration.
RESULTS: Investigator-assessed PFS was significantly prolonged with alectinib versus crizotinib in ALK IHC-positive and FISH-positive tumors (n = 203, 67%) (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.37, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.25-0.56; p < 0.0001) and ALK IHC-positive and FISH-uninformative tumors (n = 61, 20%) (HR = 0.39, 95% CI: 0.20-0.78) but not in ALK IHC-positive and FISH-negative tumors (n = 39, 13%) (HR = 1.33, 95% CI: 0.6-3.2). Objective response rates were higher with alectinib versus crizotinib in ALK IHC-positive and FISH-positive tumors (90.6% versus 81.4%; stratified OR = 2.22, 95% CI: 0.97-5.07) and ALK IHC-positive and FISH-uninformative tumors (96.0% versus 75.0%; OR = 9.29, 95% CI: 1.05-81.88) but not in ALK IHC-positive and FISH-negative tumors (28.6% versus 44.4%; OR = 0.45, 95% CI: 0.12-1.74). Next-generation sequencing was performed in 35 of 39 patients with ALK IHC-positive and FISH-negative tumors; no ALK fusion was identified in 20 of 35 patients (57.1%) by next-generation sequencing, but 10 of 20 (50.0%) had partial response or stable disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes of patients with ALK IHC-positive and FISH-positive and ALK IHC-positive and FISH-uninformative NSCLC were similar to those of the overall ALEX population. These results suggest that Ventana ALK IHC is a standard testing method for selecting patients for treatment with alectinib.