Balanchivadze N, Purtell JP, Anderson J, Guo Y, and Dobrosotskaya I. A Case of Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia in a Patient With Recurrent Cough, Dyspnea, and Eosinophilia. Cureus 2021; 13(1):e12654.
We report the case of a 40-year-old man with no significant past medical history who had been hospitalized multiple times over the course of one year with recurring cough, dyspnea, pruritic rash, and variable degrees of eosinophilia. He was variably diagnosed with asthma and pneumonia. After his last hospitalization with severe symptoms, the patient was referred for pulmonary evaluation where hypereosinophilia (HE) led to a hematologic workup. Fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed the FIP1L1-PDGFRA gene fusion and bone marrow analysis confirmed a diagnosis of chronic eosinophilic leukemia. The patient was treated with daily imatinib and prednisone and he was symptom-free at a four-week follow-up examination.