First-in-Human Phase I/IB Dose-Finding Study of Adagrasib (MRTX849) in Patients With Advanced KRAS(G12C) Solid Tumors (KRYSTAL-1)
Ou SI, Jänne PA, Leal TA, Rybkin, II, Sabari JK, Barve MA, Bazhenova LA, Johnson ML, Velastegui KL, Cilliers C, Christensen JG, Yan X, Chao RC, and Papadopoulos KP. First-in-Human Phase I/IB Dose-Finding Study of Adagrasib (MRTX849) in Patients With Advanced KRAS(G12C) Solid Tumors (KRYSTAL-1). J Clin Oncol 2022.
Journal of clinical oncology
PURPOSE: Adagrasib (MRTX849) is an oral, highly selective, small-molecule, covalent inhibitor of KRAS(G12C). We report results from a phase I/IB study of adagrasib in non-small-cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and other solid tumors harboring the KRAS(G12C) mutation.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with advanced KRAS(G12C)-mutant solid tumors were treated with adagrasib 150 mg orally once daily, 300 mg once daily, 600 mg once daily, 1,200 mg once daily, or 600 mg orally twice a day using an accelerated titration design, which transitioned to a modified toxicity probability interval design when a predefined degree of toxicity was observed or target adagrasib exposure was achieved. Safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical activity were evaluated.
RESULTS: Twenty-five patients were enrolled and received at least one dose of adagrasib. The recommended phase II dose (RP2D) was 600 mg twice a day on the basis of safety, tolerability, and observed pharmacokinetics properties. No maximum tolerated dose was formally defined. After a median follow-up of 19.6 months, eight of 15 patients (53.3%; 95% CI, 26.6 to 78.7) with RECIST-evaluable KRAS(G12C)-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer treated at 600 mg twice a day achieved a confirmed partial response. The median duration of response was 16.4 months (95% CI, 3.1 to not estimable). The median progression-free survival was 11.1 months (95% CI, 2.6 to not estimable). One of two patients with KRAS(G12C)-mutant colorectal cancer treated at 600 mg twice a day achieved a partial response (duration of response, 4.2 months). At the RP2D, the most common treatment-related adverse events (any grade) were nausea (80.0%), diarrhea (70.0%), vomiting (50.0%), and fatigue (45.0%). The most common grade 3-4 treatment-related adverse event was fatigue (15.0%).
CONCLUSION: Adagrasib 600 mg twice a day was well tolerated and exhibited antitumor activity in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring the KRAS(G12C) mutation.
ePub ahead of print