Amivantamab compared with real-world therapies in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer harboring EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations who progressed after platinum-based chemotherapy

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Lung cancer (Amsterdam, Netherlands)


BACKGROUND: In the single-arm CHRYSALIS study, amivantamab showed durable responses and manageable safety in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 insertion mutations (ex20ins) who progressed on prior platinum-based chemotherapy. External controls can provide context for interpreting amivantamab efficacy.

METHODS: External controls were selected from three US-based databases (ConcertAI, COTA, and Flatiron). Key inclusion criteria were diagnosis of EGFR ex20ins advanced NSCLC, prior platinum-based chemotherapy, and performance status score ≤ 1. Duplicate external controls were identified using a tokenization procedure and removed, and adjustment for differences in baseline characteristics between amivantamab-treated and external control cohorts was achieved using propensity score weighting.

RESULTS: Amivantamab-treated and pooled external control cohorts included 81 and 125 patients, respectively. Baseline characteristics were generally similar across cohorts, except more amivantamab-treated patients were Asian (56% vs 13%). Most common therapies received by external controls were non-platinum-based chemotherapy (25.1%), immuno-oncology therapies (24.2%), EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (16.3%), and platinum-based chemotherapy (16.3%). Overall response rate was 40% among amivantamab-treated patients and 16% among external controls. Amivantamab-treated patients had longer progression-free survival (median 8.3 vs 2.9 months; hazard ratio [HR; 95% CI]: 0.47 [0.34-0.65]), time to next therapy (median 14.8 vs 4.8 months; HR [95% CI]: 0.40 [0.28-0.57]), and overall survival (median 22.8 vs 12.8 months; HR [95% CI]: 0.49 [0.31-0.77]) than external controls. Results were consistent in sensitivity analyses comparing each external control dataset against the amivantamab-treated group separately.

CONCLUSION: Among post-platinum patients with EGFR ex20ins advanced NSCLC, those treated with amivantamab had improved outcomes, including 10-month longer overall survival, versus external controls.

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Antibodies, Bispecific; Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung; ErbB Receptors; Exons; Humans; Lung Neoplasms; Mutagenesis, Insertional; Mutation; Platinum; Protein Kinase Inhibitors

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