Tarlatamab, a First-In-Class DLL3-Targeted Bispecific T-Cell Engager, in Recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer: An Open-Label, Phase I Study.
Paz-Ares L, Champiat S, Lai WV, Izumi H, Govindan R, Boyer M, Hummel HD, Borghaei H, Johnson ML, Steeghs N, Blackhall F, Dowlati A, Reguart N, Yoshida T, He K, Gadgeel SM, Felip E, Zhang Y, Pati A, Minocha M, Mukherjee S, Goldrick A, Nagorsen D, Sadraei NH, and Owonikoko TK. Tarlatamab, a first-in-class DLL3-targeted bispecific T cell engager, in recurrent small-cell lung cancer: an open-label, phase 1 study. J Clin Oncol 2023.
Journal of clinical oncology
PURPOSE: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive malignancy with limited treatments. Delta-like ligand 3 (DLL3) is aberrantly expressed in most SCLC. Tarlatamab (AMG 757), a bispecific T-cell engager molecule, binds both DLL3 and CD3 leading to T-cell-mediated tumor lysis. Herein, we report phase I results of tarlatamab in patients with SCLC.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study evaluated tarlatamab in patients with relapsed/refractory SCLC. The primary end point was safety. Secondary end points included antitumor activity by modified RECIST 1.1, overall survival, and pharmacokinetics.
RESULTS: By July 19, 2022, 107 patients received tarlatamab in dose exploration (0.003 to 100 mg; n = 73) and expansion (100 mg; n = 34) cohorts. Median prior lines of anticancer therapy were 2 (range, 1-6); 49.5% received antiprogrammed death-1/programmed death ligand-1 therapy. Any-grade treatment-related adverse events occurred in 97 patients (90.7%) and grade ≥ 3 in 33 patients (30.8%). One patient (1%) had grade 5 pneumonitis. Cytokine release syndrome was the most common treatment-related adverse event, occurring in 56 patients (52%) including grade 3 in one patient (1%). Maximum tolerated dose was not reached. Objective response rate was 23.4% (95% CI, 15.7 to 32.5) including two complete and 23 partial responses. The median duration of response was 12.3 months (95% CI, 6.6 to 14.9). The disease control rate was 51.4% (95% CI, 41.5 to 61.2). The median progression-free survival and overall survival were 3.7 months (95% CI, 2.1 to 5.4) and 13.2 months (95% CI, 10.5 to not reached), respectively. Exploratory analysis suggests that selecting for increased DLL3 expression can result in increased clinical benefit.
CONCLUSION: In patients with heavily pretreated SCLC, tarlatamab demonstrated manageable safety with encouraging response durability. Further evaluation of this promising molecule is ongoing.
ePub ahead of print