Altered histone acetylation patterns in pancreatic cancer cell lines induce subtype‑specific transcriptomic and phenotypical changes

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International journal of oncology


Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is often diagnosed at advanced tumor stages with chemotherapy as the only treatment option. Transcriptomic analysis has defined a classical and basal‑like PDAC subtype, which are regulated by epigenetic modification. The present study aimed to determine if drug‑induced epigenetic reprogramming of pancreatic cancer cells affects PDAC subtype identity and chemosensitivity. Classical and basal‑like PDAC cell lines PaTu‑S, Capan‑1, Capan‑2, Colo357, PaTu‑T, PANC‑1 and MIAPaCa‑2, were treated for a short (up to 96 h) and long (up to 30 weeks) period with histone acetyltransferase (HAT) and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors. The cells were analyzed using gene expression approaches, immunoblot analysis, and various cell assays to assess cell characteristics, such as proliferation, colony formation, cell migration and sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs. Classical and basal‑like PDAC cell lines showed pronounced epigenetic regulation of subtype‑specific genes through acetylation of lysine 27 on Histone H3 (H3K27ac). Moreover, classical cell lines revealed a significantly decreased expression of HDAC2 and increased total levels of H3K27ac in comparison with the basal‑like cell lines. Following HAT inhibitor treatment, classical cell lines exhibited a loss of epithelial marker gene expression, decreased chemotherapy response gene score and increased cell migration

Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Histones; Gemcitabine; Epigenesis, Genetic; Acetylation; Cell Line, Tumor; Pancreatic Neoplasms; Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal; Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors; Gene Expression Profiling; Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic

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