KRYSTAL-1: Updated activity and safety of adagrasib (MRTX849) in patients (Pts) with unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer (PDAC) and other gastrointestinal (GI) tumors harboring a KRAS mutation
Bekaii-Saab TS, Spira AI, Yaeger R, Buchschacher GL, McRee AJ, Sabari JK, Johnson ML, Barve MA, Hafez N, Velastegui K, Christensen JG, Kheoh T, DerTorossian H, and Rybkin II. KRYSTAL-1: Updated activity and safety of adagrasib (MRTX849) in patients (Pts) with unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer (PDAC) and other gastrointestinal (GI) tumors harboring a KRAS mutation. J Clin Oncol 2022; 40(4 SUPPL).
J Clin Oncol
Background: KRAS, the most frequently mutated oncogene in cancer, is a key mediator of the RAS/MAPK signaling cascade that promotes cellular growth and proliferation. KRAS mutations occur in approximately 90% of pancreatic cancer, and approximately 2% of these are KRASG12C mutations. Adagrasib, an investigational agent, is a KRASG12Cinhibitor that irreversibly and selectively binds KRASG12C, locking it in its inactive state; adagrasib has been optimized for favorable pharmacokinetic (PK) properties, including long half-life (24 h), extensive tissue distribution, dose-dependent PK, as well as CNS penetration.
Methods: KRYSTAL-1 (NCT03785249) is a multicohort Phase 1/2 study evaluating adagrasib as monotherapy or in combinations in pts with advanced solid tumors harboring a KRAS mutation. Here we report preliminary data from pts enrolled in a Phase 2 cohort evaluating single-agent adagrasib administered orally at 600 mg BID in previously treated pts with unresectable or metastatic solid tumors (excluding NSCLC and CRC), including pancreatic and other GI cancers. Study endpoints include clinical activity, safety, and PK.
Results: The data cutoff was 10 September 2021. A total of 42 pts were enrolled in this cohort (median age 63.5 years, range 21-89; 52% female; 71% white; 29%/71% ECOG PS 0/1; median 2 prior lines of therapy, range 1-7; median follow-up 6.3 months), of whom 30 pts had KRASG12C-mutant GI tumors (12 PDAC, 8 biliary tract, 5 appendiceal, 2 gastro-esophageal junction, 2 small bowel, and 1 esophageal). In a preliminary analysis, 27 pts with GI tumors were evaluable for clinical activity; partial responses (PRs) were seen in 41% (11/27, including 3 unconfirmed PRs); the disease control rate (DCR) was 100% (27/27). Of the 12 pts with PDAC (median 3 prior lines of therapy; median follow-up 8.1 months), 10 were evaluable for clinical activity; PRs were seen in 50% (5/10, including 1 unconfirmed PR); the DCR was 100% (10/10). Median progression-free survival (PFS) was 6.6 months (95% CI 1.0-9.7), and treatment was ongoing in 50% of pts with PDAC. Among the 17 evaluable pts with other GI tumors, 6 achieved PR (35%; 2 unconfirmed) with a DCR of 100% (17/17); 11 pts were still receiving treatment. In the overall cohort, treatment-related adverse events of any grade occurred in 91% (38/42), the most frequent being nausea (48%), diarrhea (43%), vomiting (43%), and fatigue (29%); grade 3/4 events occurred in 21% of pts, with no grade 5 events.
Conclusions: Adagrasib monotherapy is well tolerated and demonstrates encouraging clinical activity in pretreated pts with PDAC and other GI tumors harboring a KRASG12Cmutation. Further exploration of adagrasib is ongoing in this pt population (NCT03785249).