Saad MA, Gartrelle KJ, Shah RA, Clark JM, Langley KA, Field EA, Steffes CP, and Kwon DS. Disparity Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Pancreas Surgery at an Urban Tertiary Care Center. Ann Surg Oncol 2022; 29(SUPPL 2):443-443.
Ann Surg Oncol
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown significant disparities in pancreas cancer outcomes in African American (AA) compared to non-AA patients. Pancreas surgery continues to be associated with significant morbidity, however, there is little reported data on pancreas surgical outcomes by race. We sought to evaluate how race would affect surgical outcomes in an urban tertiary care center for patients undergoing pancreas surgery.
METHODS: A retrospective single-center analysis of patients undergoing pancreas surgery between January 2013 and September 2021 was performed. Patient demographics and post-surgical complications were collected and stratified by race. Area Deprivation Index (ADI) was used to determine patient socioeconomic status. Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was calculated for comorbidities. Clavien-Dindo (CD) complications, as well as postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), delayed gastric emptying (DGE) and postpancreatectomy hemorrhage (PPH) were evaluated. Patient reoperation, readmission, and mortality in the 30- and 90- day period were collected and univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.
RESULTS: Among 461 patients, 82% (N = 378) were nonAA and 18% (N = 83) were AA. Age and sex were found to be significantly different between the two groups, while ADI and CCI were not. Length of stay (LOS), POPF, PPH, PPH grade C and intra-abdominal abscess (IAA) were found to be significant on univariate analysis in the AA cohort. On multivariate analysis, LOS (OR 4.0; 95% CI 2.0-5.7; p < 0.001), POPF (OR 0.6; 95% CI 0.4-1.0; p = 0.043), PPH (OR 0.5; 95% CI 0.2-0.9; p = 0.022), PPH grade C (OR 0.2; 95% CI 0.1-0.7; p = 0.017) and IAA (OR 0.4; 95% CI 0.2-0.9; p = 0.017) were still significantly higher in the AA cohort.
CONCLUSIONS: AA patients undergoing pancreas surgery were noted to have a longer LOS, higher incidence of POPF, PPH and IAA compared to non-AA patients. However, no significant difference was seen in reoperation rates, major CD complications, or 30- and 90-day readmission. Elucidating patient selection, tumor biology, and preoperative treatment algorithms may shed additional insight on the differences in surgical outcomes in this particular patient cohort.