Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

Ann Oncol


Background: The inhibitory Notch ligand, delta-like ligand 3 (DLL3), is a compelling therapeutic target due to its aberrant expression on the cell surface in most small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Tarlatamab (AMG 757) is a half-life extended bispecific T-cell engager (HLE BiTE®) molecule designed to specifically bind DLL3 on target cancer cells and CD3 on T cells, resulting in T cell-dependent killing of tumor cells. Data from an ongoing first-in-human monotherapy study show acceptable safety with evidence of tarlatamab efficacy in patients with relapsed/refractory SCLC (NCT03319940). Adding programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors to first-line platinum chemotherapy is the emerging standard-of-care (SOC) in ES-SCLC and preclinical data suggests increased antitumor activity of BiTE molecules when combined with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibition or chemotherapy.1 These data support a clinical trial of tarlatamab combined with frontline carboplatin, etoposide, and PD-L1 inhibition in ES-SCLC. Trial design: This is a phase 1b, multicenter, open-label study evaluating tarlatamab in combination with first-line SOC chemo-immunotherapy in subjects with ES-SCLC. Tarlatamab will be evaluated in two separate settings: A) In combination with carboplatin, etoposide, and a PD-L1 inhibitor followed by maintenance cycles of tarlatamab plus PD-L1 inhibitor, and B) In combination with PD-L1 inhibitor following SOC chemo-immunotherapy as a maintenance only approach. Key eligibility criteria include patients with histologically or cytologically confirmed ES-SCLC with no prior systemic treatment (except as specified in protocol) and ECOG performance status ≤1. The primary objective is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and determine the recommended phase 2 dose and/or maximum tolerated dose of tarlatamab in combination with PD-L1 inhibition with or without chemotherapy. Secondary endpoints are objective response rate, duration of response, disease control, progression-free survival, overall survival, and pharmacokinetics.



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