Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol


Background: Concurrent LAG-3 blockade may enhance efficacy of anti-program cell death-1 (PD-1) therapies such as cemiplimab. We present updated safety and clinical activity data from patients with advanced melanoma treated concurrently with cemiplimab and fianlimab (NCT03005782).

Methods: Patients were included with unresectable or metastatic melanoma (excluding uveal melanoma) who were anti-PD-ligand (L) 1 treatment naive (expansion cohort [EC] 6) or anti-PD-(L)1 experienced within 3 months of screening (EC7). Patients received fianlimab 1600 mg + cemiplimab 350 mg intravenously every 3 weeks for 12 months (optional extra 12 months if clinically indicated). Tumours were measured every 6 weeks for 24 weeks, then every 9 weeks. In EC6 (n = 40) and EC7 (n = 15), respectively (data cutoff 9th February 2022), median age was 69.5 and 59.0 years, and median treatment duration was 37.1 and 9.0 weeks.

Results: In EC6 and EC7, respectively, incidence of Grade ≥3 treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were 38% and 47%, incidence of serious TEAEs was 33% and 33%, and 18% and 13% of patients discontinued treatment due to a TEAE. Adrenal insufficiency rate was 13% and 7% in EC6 and EC7, respectively; no instances led to treatment discontinuation. Investigator-assessed objective response rate was63%(six complete responses; 19 partial responses) in EC6 and 13% (two partial responses) in EC7. Kaplan-Meier estimate of median progression-free survival was 14.2 (95% CI: 5.6-not estimated) months in EC6 and 1.4 (95% CI: 1.3-7.7) months in EC7. Median duration of response was not reached in EC6 or EC7.

Conclusion: Fianlimab plus cemiplimab in advanced melanoma had a similar safety profile to anti-PD-1 monotherapies. Clinical activity in anti-PD-(L)1-naive patients appeared higher than previously reported for anti-PD-1monotherapy or anti-LAG-3 plus anti-PD-1. A Phase 3 trial (NCT05352672) investigating fianlimab plus cemiplimab in advanced melanoma is ongoing.



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