APOLLO: A randomized phase II double-blind study of olaparib versus placebo following curative intent therapy in patients with resected pancreatic cancer and a pathogenic BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 mutation-ECOG-ACRIN EA2192
Reiss KA, Hong SC, Kasi A, O'Reilly EM, Maithel SK, Yao X, Hamilton SR, Boursi B, Pishvaian MJ, Klempner SJ, Domchek SM, Catalano PJ, Chiorean EG, Philip PA, and O'Dwyer PJ. APOLLO: A randomized phase II double-blind study of olaparib versus placebo following curative intent therapy in patients with resected pancreatic cancer and a pathogenic BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 mutation-ECOG-ACRIN EA2192. J Clin Oncol 2023; 41(4):TPS763.
J Clin Oncol
Background: A meaningful subset of PDAC is characterized by a homologous recombination deficiency (HRD). The most well-defined patients within this group are those with pathogenic variants in BRCA1, BRCA2 and PALB2. In the metastatic setting, PARP inhibitor maintenance provides a progression-free survival benefit after a period of platinum based chemotherapy1,2, but the role of PARP inhibitors in the curative intent setting is undefined. The OlympiA study established one year of olaparib as the standard of care for patients with BRCA-related, early stage breast cancer who completed all other curative-intent treatment3. Therefore, we have designed a randomized, phase II double-blind study of one year of olaparib vs placebo in patients with pancreatic cancer and a germline or somatic variant in BRCA or PALB2 who have completed all curative intent therapy.
Methods: We have enrolled and treated 23 of 152 planned patients on study NCT 04858334/EA2192. Eligibility criteria include: a pathogenic germline or somatic variant in BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 as determined by local laboratory (central review required); completion of curative-intent resection and ≥ three months of multi-agent chemotherapy; no evidence of recurrent disease. At enrollment, patients must be within 12 weeks of their last anti-cancer intervention. Patients are randomized 2:1 to receive oral olaparib 300 mg twice daily or placebo for 12 28-day cycles. The primary endpoint is relapse-free survival. Overall survival is a secondary endpoint. Tumor tissue, fecal material (for microbiome analysis) and serial ctDNA samples are being collected.