Randomized, phase II selection study of ramucirumab and paclitaxel versus FOLFIRI in refractory small bowel adenocarcinoma: SWOG S1922
Overman MJ, Guthrie KA, Salem ME, Pedersen KS, Kalyan A, Colby S, Fakih M, Gholami S, Gold PJ, Chiorean EG, Hochster HS, and Philip PA. Randomized, phase II selection study of ramucirumab and paclitaxel versus FOLFIRI in refractory small bowel adenocarcinoma: SWOG S1922. J Clin Oncol 2023; 41(4):TPS784.
J Clin Oncol
Background: Small bowel adenocarcinoma is a rare malignancy with limited evidence to support the choice of systemic chemotherapy beyond the frontline setting. Though second-line therapy has historically been extrapolated from colorectal cancers, recent molecular data has demonstrated small bowel adenocarcinoma to be genomically unique when compared to either colon or gastric cancer. Retrospective analyses of irinotecan- and taxane-based therapies and one prospective phase II clinical trial of nab-paclitaxel have demonstrated clinical activity in this cancer. Ramucirumab/paclitaxel represents an active combination in the management of gastric cancer. SWOG 1922 evaluates the use of FOLFIRI or ramucirumab/paclitaxel in the second- and later-line setting for small bowel adenocarcinoma.
Methods: This is randomized, phase II, selection design clinical trial of FOLFIRI (5-fluorouracil, leucovorin and irinotecan) every two weeks or ramucirumab D1,15 and paclitaxel D1,8,15 every 4 weeks with the primary endpoint of progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints include response rate, overall survival, and safety. Archived paraffin tumor tissue collection and serial blood collections are included for correlative analyses. Key eligibility criteria include having mismatch repair proficient/microsatellite stable small bowel adenocarcinoma (ampullary location excluded); metastatic or locally advanced unresectable disease; prior fluoropyrimidine and/or oxaliplatin therapy; no prior treatment with irinotecan, ramucirumab, or taxanes; no recent bleeding, blood clots, or bowel perforation/fistula; and Zubrod performance status of 0/1. Measurable disease is not required. The null hypothesis is median PFS of 2.5 months. If a median PFS of at least 3.5 months is observed in one or both arms, the goal is to choose the better regimen with respect to this endpoint. The design provides a 90% probability of selecting the more active arm, assuming a hazard ratio of 1.4, if both arms meet this threshold. This trial is open and, as of September 1, 2021, 21 of 94 planned patients have been enrolled.