MO01.33 CRESTONE – Clinical Study of REsponse to Seribantumab in Tumors with NEuregulin-1 (NRG1) Fusions – A Phase 2 Study of the anti-HER3 mAb for Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors (NCT04383210)
Spigel D, Waqar SN, Burkard ME, Lin JJ, Chae YK, Socinski MA, Gadgeel S, Reckamp KL, Leland SM, Plessinger D, Kunkel L, Bauman JR, Otterson G, Halmos B, Ignatius Ou SH, Patil T, Elamin YY, and Kim ES. MO01.33 CRESTONE – Clinical Study of REsponse to Seribantumab in Tumors with NEuregulin-1 (NRG1) Fusions – A Phase 2 Study of the anti-HER3 mAb for Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors (NCT04383210). Journal of Thoracic Oncology 2021; 16(1):S29-S30.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Background: NRG1 (Neuregulin-1) gene fusions are rare oncogenic drivers found in 0.2% of solid tumors, including lung, pancreatic, gallbladder, breast, ovarian, colorectal, neuroendocrine, and sarcomas. NRG1 is the predominant ligand of HER3 and to a lesser extent HER4. NRG1 fusion proteins retaining an active EGF-like domain drive tumorigenesis and proliferation through aberrant HER3 activation. Importantly, NRG1 fusions are often mutually exclusive with other known driver alterations. NRG1 fusions have been correlated with worse overall and disease-free survival and poor response to treatment with standard therapies including chemotherapy, PD-(L)1 checkpoint inhibitors and combinations of these agents. Inhibition of HER3 and its dimerization partners represents a rational and novel therapeutic approach for tumors harboring an NRG1 fusion supported by case studies of clinical responses to anti-HER3 antibodies or pan-ERBB (tyrosine kinase inhibitors) TKIs like afatinib. Seribantumab is a fully human IgG2 mAb against HER3 uniquely able to inhibit NRG1-dependent activation of HER3, HER3-HER2 dimerization, and downstream signaling through the PI3K/AKT and MAPK pathways. The clinical safety profile of seribantumab has been well characterized through prior monotherapy and combination studies in over 800 patients. Methods: CRESTONE is an open label, multicenter Phase 2 basket trial of seribantumab in adult patients with NRG1 fusion-positive locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors who have progressed on or are nonresponsive to available therapies. The trial will enroll at least 75 previously treated patients across three cohorts. Cohort 1 (N=55) will include patients who have not received prior treatment with any ERBB targeted therapy. Cohort 2 (up to N=10) will include patients who have progressed after prior treatment which includes ERBB targeted therapy. Cohort 3 (up to N=10) will include patients harboring NRG1 fusions without an EGF-like binding domain. NRG1 fusion status for enrollment will be determined through a local CLIA or similarly accredited molecular assay. NRG1 fusion status for patients in Cohort 1 will be centrally confirmed using an RNA-based NGS assay. This study will evaluate a novel dosing regimen of weekly induction, biweekly consolidation, and Q3W maintenance designed to rapidly achieve steady state levels, optimize exposure, and deliver maximal NRG1 inhibition. The primary endpoint is ORR per RECIST v1.1 by independent radiologic review. Secondary endpoints include duration of response (DoR), safety, PFS, OS, and overall clinical benefit rate. An interim analysis is planned following enrollment of 20 patients in Cohort 1. CRESTONE is open and accruing patients in the United States. Clinical trial information: NCT04383210.