P77.04 PROPEL: A Phase 1/2 Trial of Bempegaldesleukin (NKTR-214) Plus Pembrolizumab in Lung Cancer and other Advanced Solid Tumors

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Conference Proceeding

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Journal of Thoracic Oncology


Introduction: Checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs), are now part of standard treatment in many advanced solid tumors, including metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, novel, more effective CPI combinations are needed to broaden, deepen, and prolong responses, especially for patients with poor prognostic features or negative predictive clinical factors for CPI benefit, including programmed death-ligand 1-negative (PD-L1[-]) status. Bempegaldesleukin (BEMPEG; NKTR-214) is a first-in-class CD122-preferential interleukin-2 pathway agonist that directly activates and expands effector T cells and natural killer cells over immunosuppressive regulatory T cells. BEMPEG plus CPI combination has demonstrated promising efficacy and can convert PD-L1(-) tumors to PD-L1(+) in patients with various solid tumors.(1,2) Given the early efficacy data and favorable safety profile of BEMPEG plus nivolumab, PROPEL will evaluate the clinical benefit, safety and tolerability of BEMPEG combined with another CPI, pembrolizumab (PEMBRO). Here, we present the updated methodology and protocol for the enrolling PROPEL study.(3)

Methods: This phase 1/2 multinational trial evaluates BEMPEG plus PEMBRO in patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors. During dose escalation (US only), ∼40 patients with various advanced solid tumors (first- and second-line melanoma, NSCLC, urothelial carcinoma, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, and hepatocellular carcinoma; regardless of PD-L1 status) will be treated with escalating doses of BEMPEG plus PEMBRO according to a 3+3 or step-up design. During dose expansion (global), ∼58 patients with previously untreated advanced or metastatic NSCLC will be enrolled, and stratified based on PD-L1 status (<1%, 1-49%, and >50% staining on tumor cells by immunohistochemistry [for France only, patients with PD-L1 ≤49% will be excluded]). The primary objectives of the dose escalation are to evaluate safety and tolerability and determine the maximum tolerated dose/recommended phase 2 dose for BEMPEG in combination with PEMBRO. The primary objective of the dose expansion is objective response rate (by RECIST 1.1) in first-line metastatic NSCLC. Enrollment is ongoing (NCT03138889).





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