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Submissions from 2022

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Diversity in transplantation surgery and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons: Opportunity for a bold vision and positive change, Marwan S. Abouljoud, Dinee C. Simpson, and Andre A. S. Dick

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Remove Gender Pay Disparity Excuses, Ellen L. Air

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Black-White Disparities and Preterm Births Comparisons Following the COVID-19 Pandemic in Michigan, Mariam Ayyash, Megan McNitt, Raminder K. Khangura, Gregory Goyert, D'Angela S. Pitts, Majid Shaman, Robyn Garcia, Madhurima Keerthy, and Monique Swain

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Demographic Factors and Disparate Outcomes in Mycosis Fungoides: Retrospective Analysis of a Racially Diverse 440 Patient Cohort from Detroit, MI, USA, Connor R. Buechler, Ethan Sagher, Aaron Tisack, Gordon Jacobsen, Henry W. Lim, Chauncey A. McHargue, Ben J. Friedman, Qing-Sheng Mi, David M. Ozog, and Jesse Veenstra

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Faculty Recruitment, Retention, and Representation in Leadership: An Evidence-Based Guide to Best Practices for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion from the Council of Residency Directors in Emergency Medicine, Dayle Davenport, Al'ai Alvarez, Sreeja Natesan, Martina T. Caldwell, Moises Gallegos, Adaira Landry, Melissa Parsons, and Michael Gottlieb

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Age-dependent and sex-dependent disparity in mortality in patients with adrenal incidentalomas and autonomous cortisol secretion: an international, retrospective, cohort study, Timo Deutschbein, Giuseppe Reimondo, Guido Di Dalmazi, Irina Bancos, Jekaterina Patrova, Dimitra Argyro Vassiliadi, Anja Barač Nekić, Miguel Debono, Pina Lardo, Filippo Ceccato, Luigi Petramala, Alessandro Prete, Iacopo Chiodini, Miomira Ivović, Kalliopi Pazaitou-Panayiotou, Krystallenia I Alexandraki, Felicia Alexandra Hanzu, Paola Loli, Serkan Yener, Katharina Langton, Ariadni Spyroglou, Tomaz Kocjan, Sabina Zacharieva, Nuria Valdés, Urszula Ambroziak, Mari Suzuki, Mario Detomas, Soraya Puglisi, Lorenzo Tucci, Danae Anastasia Delivanis, Dimitris Margaritopoulos, Tina Dusek, Roberta Maggio, Carla Scaroni, Antonio Concistrè, Cristina Lucia Ronchi, Barbara Altieri, Cristina Mosconi, Aristidis Diamantopoulos, Nicole Marie Iñiguez-Ariza, Valentina Vicennati, Anna Pia, Matthias Kroiss, Gregory Kaltsas, Alexandra Chrisoulidou, Ljiljana V. Marina, Valentina Morelli, Wiebke Arlt, Claudio Letizia, Marco Boscaro, Antonio Stigliano, Darko Kastelan, Stylianos Tsagarakis, Shobana Athimulam, Uberto Pagotto, Uwe Maeder, Henrik Falhammar, John Newell-Price, Massimo Terzolo, and Martin Fassnacht

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Impact of the COVID-19 breast cancer screening hiatus on clinical stage and racial disparities in New York City, Genevieve A. Fasano, Solange Bayard, Rulla Tamimi, Vivian Bea, Manmeet Malik, Melissa Davis, Rache Simmons, Alexander Swistel, Jennifer Marti, Michele Drotman, Janine Katzen, Silvia Formenti, John Ng, Alan Astrow, Evelyn Taiwo, Onyinye Balogun, Beth Siegel, Agnes Radzio, Lauren Elreda, Yalei Chen, and Lisa Newman

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Racial Disparities in COVID-19 Outcomes Among Black and White Patients With Cancer, Julie Fu, Sonya A. Reid, Benjamin French, Cassandra Hennessy, Clara Hwang, Na Tosha Gatson, Narjust Duma, Sanjay Mishra, Ryan Nguyen, Jessica E. Hawley, Sunny R. K. Singh, David D. Chism, Neeta K. Venepalli, Jeremy L. Warner, Toni K. Choueiri, Andrew L. Schmidt, Leslie A. Fecher, Jennifer E. Girard, Mehmet A. Bilen, Deepak Ravindranathan, Sharad Goyal, Trisha M. Wise-Draper, Cathleen Park, Corrie A. Painter, Sheila M. McGlown, Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Oscar K. Serrano, and Dimpy P. Shah

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Disparities in the Use of Older Donation After Circulatory Death Liver Allografts in the United States Versus the United Kingdom, Emmanouil Giorgakis, Tommy Ivanics, Shirin E. Khorsandi, David Wallace, Lyle Burdine, Wayel Jassem, Amit K. Mathur, and Nigel Heaton

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Prior differences in previous trauma exposure primarily drive the observed racial/ethnic differences in posttrauma depression and anxiety following a recent trauma, N G Harnett, N M Dumornay, M Delity, L D Sanchez, K Mohiuddin, P I Musey, M J Seamon, S A McLean, R C Kessler, K C Koenen, F L Beaudoin, L A M Lebois, S J H van Rooij, N A Sampson, V Michopoulos, J L Maples-Keller, J P Haran, A B Storrow, Christopher A. Lewandowski, P L Hendry, S Sheikh, C W Jones, B E Punches, M C Kurz, R A Swor, M E McGrath, L A Hudak, J L Pascual, S L House, X An, J S Stevens, T C Neylan, T Jovanovic, S D Linnstaedt, L T Germine, E M Datner, A M Chang, C Pearson, D A Peak, R C Merchant, R M Domeier, N K Rathlev, B J O'Neil, P Sergot, S E Bruce, M W Miller, R H Pietrzak, J Joormann, D M Barch, D A Pizzagalli, J F Sheridan, J W Smoller, B Luna, S E Harte, J M Elliott, and K J Ressler

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Racial Disparities and Risk for COVID-19 Among Pregnant Patients: Results from the Michigan Statewide Collaborative, Inara Ismailova, Robert J. Sokol, Dereje W. Gudicha, Yasmin G. Hasbini, Adi L. Tarca, Pooja M. Green, Theodore Jones, Gregory Goyert, Lisa Thiel, Youssef Youssef, Courtney Townsel, Shyla Vengalil, Paige Paladino, Amy Wright, Mariam Ayyash, Gayathri Vadlamudi, Marta Szymanska, Sonia Sajja, Grace Sterenberg, Michael Baracy Jr., Karlee Grace, Kaitlyn Houston, Jessica Norman, Ray Bahado-Singh, and Sonia S. Hassan

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Racial Disparities in Adherence to Annual Lung Cancer Screening and Recommended Follow-up Care: A Multicenter Cohort Study, Roger Y. Kim, Katharine A. Rendle, Nandita Mitra, Chelsea A. Saia, Christine Neslund-Dudas, Robert T. Greenlee, Andrea N. Burnett-Hartman, Stacey A. Honda, Michael J. Simoff, Marilyn M. Schapira, Jennifer M. Croswell, Rafael Meza, Debra P. Ritzwoller, and Anil Vachani

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Racial Differences in Treatments and Toxicity in Patients With Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Treated With Thoracic Radiation Therapy, Anna M. B. Laucis, Kimberly A. Hochstedler, Matthew J. Schipper, Peter A. Paximadis, Thomas P. Boike, Derek P. Bergsma, Benjamin Movsas, Annette E. Kretzler, Daniel E. Spratt, Robert T. Dess, Melissa A. Mietzel, Michael M. Dominello, Martha M. Matuszak, Reshma Jagsi, James A. Hayman, Lori J. Pierce, and Shruti Jolly

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Racial and ethnic disparities in pelvic floor disorder awareness, N. Megahed, S. Pai, E. Robison, Rebeccah Briskin, K. Menhaji, S. Spector, R. Hidalgo, and D. Antosh

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SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibodies for COVID-19: Outcomes for bamlanivimab versus bamlanivimab-etesevimab combination in a racially diverse cohort of patients with significant comorbidities, Lea M. Monday, Indira Brar, George Alangaden, and Mayur S. Ramesh

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Microaggressions in our daily workplace encounters: a barrier to achieving diversity and inclusion, Ashishkumar K. Parikh and Jessica R. Leschied

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Gender Equality in Neurosurgery and Strategic Goals Toward a More Balanced Workforce, Jillian H. Plonsker, Deborah Benzil, Ellen L. Air, Sarah Woodrow, Martina Stippler, and Sharona Ben-Haim

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Trends in Diversity in Integrated Cardiothoracic Surgery Residencies, Mason Powell, Fatima Wilder, Oluwatomisin Obafemi, Navyatha Mohan, Robert Higgins, Amy Tang, and Ikenna Okereke

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Comparison Between the 2021 USPSTF Lung Cancer Screening Criteria and Other Lung Cancer Screening Criteria for Racial Disparity in Eligibility, Chan Yeu Pu, Christine M. Lusk, Christine Neslund-Dudas, Shirish M. Gadgeel, Ayman O. Soubani, and Ann G. Schwartz

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Life Course Racism and Depressive Symptoms among Young Black Women, Arbor J. L. Quist, Xiaoxia Han, Donna D. Baird, Lauren A. Wise, Ganesa Wegienka, Cheryl L. Woods-Giscombe, and Anissa Irvin Vines

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Gender and ethnic representation of incoming Mohs micrographic surgery fellows in the United States: A look into fellowship diversity, Rafey Rehman, Mustafa Azam, Sheema Rehman, Harleen Arora, and Laurie L. Kohen

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Creating a more racial-ethnic inclusive clinical ultrasound community, Javier Rosario, Resa E. Lewiss, Lori A. Stolz, Marina Del Rios, Josie Acuña, Srikar Adhikari, David Amponsah, Almaz S. Dessie, Michael Gottlieb, Robert D. Huang, Jodi Jones, Adaira Landry, Rachel B. Liu, Lorraine Ng, Nova L. Panebianco, Anthony J. Weekes, and Starr Knight

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Racial variation in baseline characteristics and wait times among patients undergoing bariatric surgery, Mary R. Shen, Shannon Jiang, M. Andrew Millis, Sidra N. Bonner, Aaron J. Bonham, Jonathan F. Finks, Amir Ghaferi, Arthur M. Carlin, and Oliver A. Varban

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Social deprivation index and ischemic events after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with diabetes mellitus, Asad J. Torabi, Fakilahyel S. Mshelbwala, Daniel Hugenberg, Richard J. Kovacs, and Rolf P. Kreutz

Submissions from 2021

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Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Acute Stroke Care, Time Metrics, Outcomes, and Racial Disparities in a Southeast Michigan Health System, Hassan Aboul Nour, Muhammad Affan, Ghada Mohamed, Ali Y. Mohamud, Lonni Schultz, Katie Latack, Megan Brady, Dawn Scozzarri, Yazeed Haddad, Angelos Katramados, Alex B. Chebl, and Ahmad R. Ramadan

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Characteristics and comparative clinical outcomes of prisoner versus non-prisoner populations hospitalized with COVID-19, Ahmed M. Altibi, Bhargava Pallavi, Hassan Liaqat, Alexander A. Slota, Radhika Sheth, Lama N. Al Jebbawi, Matt E. George, Allison LeDuc, Enas Abdallah, Luke R. Russell, Saniya Jain, Nariné Shirvanian, Ahmad Masri, and Vivek Kak

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Sex differences in treatment strategy for coronary artery aneurysms: Insights from the international Coronary Artery Aneurysm Registry, F Arslan, I. J. Núñez-Gil, R Rodríguez-Olivares, E Cerrato, M Bollati, L Nombela-Franco, B Terol, E Alfonso-Rodríguez, S. J. Camacho Freire, Pedro A. Villablanca, I. J. Amat Santos, J. M. De la Torre Hernández, I Pascual, C Liebetrau, M Alkhouli, and A Fernández-Ortiz

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Screening mammography mitigates breast cancer disparities through early detection of triple negative breast cancer, Solange Bayard, Genevieve Fasano, Yalei Chen, Melissa Davis, Michele Drotman, Jessica Bensenhaver, Alexander Swistel, Rache Simmons, Jennifer Marti, and Lisa Newman

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Regional and sociodemographic differences in average BMI among US children in the ECHO program, Traci A. Bekelman, Dana Dabelea, Jody M. Ganiban, Andrew Law, Alexandra McGovern Reilly, Keri N. Althoff, Noel Mueller, Carlos A. Camargo, Cristiane C. Duarte, Anne L. Dunlop, Amy J. Elliott, Assiamira Ferrara, Diane R. Gold, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Tina Hartert, Alison E. Hipwell, Kathi Huddleston, Christine C. Johnson, Margaret R. Karagas, Catherine J. Karr, Gurjit K. Hershey, Leslie Leve, Somdat Mahabir, Cindy T. McEvoy, Jenae Neiderhiser, Emily Oken, Andrew Rundle, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Christine Turley, Frances A. Tylavsky, Sara E. Watson, Rosalind Wright, Mingyu Zhang, and Edward M. Zoratti

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Contribution of socioeconomic risk factors within a diverse mycosis fungoides cohort from Detroit, Michigan, Connor R. Buechler, Ethan Sagher, Aaron Tisack, Gordon Jacobsen, Henry W. Lim, Chauncey A. McHargue, Ben J. Friedman, Qing-Sheng Mi, David M. Ozog, and Jesse Veenstra

ENGAGING CLINICIANS IN A PRE-IMPLEMENTATION ASSESSMENT OF THE WOMEN & PERSON-EMPOWERED COMMUNITY ACCESS FOR REPRODUCTIVE EQUITY (WE CARE) INTERVENTION, Martina T. Caldwell, Nikhil Goyal, Adrienne Dudley, C. Dehlendorf, J. Scott, D. Parke, Phyllis A. Vallee, G. Daniels, Jacob Manteuffel, C. S.D. Thomas, T. C. Guetterman, D. Misra, and Christine L.M. Joseph

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Sleepless in COVID-19: racial disparities during the pandemic as a consequence of structural inequity, Philip Cheng, Melynda D. Casement, Ruby Cuellar, Dayna A. Johnson, David A. Kalmbach, Andrea Cuamatzi-Castelan, and Christopher L. Drake

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Moving beyond the "model minority" myth to understand sleep health disparities in Asian American and Pacific Islander communities, Philip Cheng and Dayna A. Johnson

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Common Complications of Sickle Cell Disease: A Simulation-Based Curriculum, Cassondra Cramer-Bour, Justin Peterson, Barbara Walsh, and Elizabeth S. Klings

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Socioeconomic Disparities in Patient Use of Telehealth During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Surge, Ilaaf Darrat, Samantha Tam, Marwan Boulis, and Amy M. Williams

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The state of gender inclusion in the point-of-care ultrasound community, Almaz S. Dessie, Resa E. Lewiss, Lori A. Stolz, Josie Acuña, Srikar Adhikari, David Amponsah, Marina Del Rios, Rob D. Huang, R. Starr Knight, Adaira Landry, Rachel B. Liu, Michael Gottlieb, Lorraine Ng, Nova L. Panebianco, Javier Rosario, Anthony J. Weekes, and Jodi D. Jones

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Workforce Diversity in Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery: An Analysis of the American Urological Association Census Data, Elodi J. Dielubanza, Ekene A. Enemchukwu, and Humphrey O. Atiemo

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Assessment of gender representation in clinical trials leading to FDA approval for oncology therapeutics between 2014 and 2019: A systematic review-based cohort study, Kyle A. Dymanus, Mohit Butaney, Diana E. Magee, Amanda E. Hird, Amy N. Luckenbaugh, Merry W. Ma, Mary E. Hall, Heather L. Huelster, Aaron A. Laviana, Nancy B. Davis, Martha K. Terris, Zachary Klaassen, and Christopher J.D. Wallis

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Race, not socioeconomic disparities, correlates with survival in human papillomavirus-negative oropharyngeal cancer: A retrospective study, Ryan L. Freedman, Haley Sibley, Amy M. Williams, and Steven S. Chang

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The impact of race, comorbid conditions and obesity on survival endpoints in women with high grade endometrial carcinoma, Juliana Fucinari, Mohamed A. Elshaikh, Julie J. Ruterbusch, Remonda M. Khalil, Gregory Dyson, Daniel Schultz, Rouba Ali-Fehmi, and Michele L. Cote

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COVID-19 in the hotspot of Metropolitan Detroit: A multi-faceted health system experience, Linda Gifford, Christine C. Johnson, Nadia Haque, Karla D. Passalacqua, Jennifer Swiderek, and Steven N. Kalkanis

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The Journal of Applied Laboratory Medicine Special Issue on Health Disparities, Dina N. Greene, Mark A. Marzinke, Gabrielle N. Winston-McPherson, and Zil Goldstein

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Racial and ethnic differences in left atrial appendage occlusion wait time, complications, and periprocedural management, Abdullah Haddad, Matthew Bocchese, Rebecca Garber, Brian P. O'Neill, George A. Yesenosky, Pravin Patil, Martin G. Keane, Sabrina Islam, Jacqueline M. Sherrer, Anuj Basil, Chethan Gangireddy, Joshua M. Cooper, Edmond M. Cronin, and Isaac R. Whitman

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Switching to Bictegravir/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide in Black Americans With HIV-1: A Randomized Phase 3b, Multicenter, Open-Label Study, Debbie Hagins, Princy Kumar, Michael Saag, Anson K. Wurapa, Indira Brar, Daniel Berger, Olayemi Osiyemi, Corrilynn O. Hileman, Moti N. Ramgopal, Cheryl McDonald, Christiana Blair, Kristen Andreatta, Sean E. Collins, Diana M. Brainard, and Hal Martin

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The association of patient education level with outcomes after elective lumbar surgery: a Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative study, Travis Hamilton, Mohamed Macki, Seok Yoon Oh, Michael Bazydlo, Lonni Schultz, Hesham Mostafa Zakaria, Jad G. Khalil, Miguelangelo Perez-Cruet, Ilyas Aleem, Paul Park, Richard Easton, David R. Nerenz, Jason M. Schwalb, Muwaffak M. Abdulhak, and Victor Chang

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The Lines That Held Us: Assessing Racial and Socioeconomic Disparities in SARS-CoV-2 Testing, Chu J. Hsiao, Aditi G.M. Patel, Henrietta O. Fasanya, Michelle R. Stoffel, Stacy G. Beal, Gabrielle N. Winston-McPherson, Sean T. Campbell, Steven W. Cotten, Bridgit O. Crews, Kevin Kuan, Cathryn J. Lapedis, Patrick C. Mathias, Octavia M. Peck Palmer, and Dina N. Greene

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Race, Ethnicity, Neighborhood Characteristics, and In-Hospital Coronavirus Disease-2019 Mortality, Jianhui Hu, Christie M. Bartels, Richard A. Rovin, Laura E. Lamb, Amy J.H. Kind, and David R. Nerenz

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Disparities and guideline adherence for HPV testing among patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, NCDB, and SEER, Solomon Husain, Shivangi Lohia, Valentina Petkov, Timothy Blackwell, Samuel Swisher-McClure, Aviram Mizrachi, Luc G. Morris, Marc A. Cohen, Richard J. Wong, and Benjamin R. Roman

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Multiethnic PDX models predict a possible immune signature associated with TNBC of African ancestry, Evelyn M. Jiagge, Peter J. Ulintz, Shukmei Wong, Sean P. McDermott, Sabrina I. Fossi, Tahra K. Suhan, Mark J. Hoenerhoff, Jessica M. Bensenhaver, Barbara Salem, Michele Dziubinski, Joseph K. Oppong, Francis Aitpillah, Kyei Ishmael, Ernest Osei-Bonsu, Ernest Adjei, Awuah Baffour, Jessica Aldrich, Ahmet Kurdoglu, Kurt Fernando, David W. Craig, Jeff M. Trent, Jun Li, Dhananjay A. Chitale, Lisa A. Newman, John D. Carpten, Max S. Wicha, and Sofia D. Merajver

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Socioeconomic status, financial stress, and glucocorticoid resistance among youth with asthma: Testing the moderation effects of maternal involvement and warmth, Yanping Jiang, Allison K. Farrell, Erin T. Tobin, Henriette E. Mair-Meijers, Derek E. Wildman, Francesca Luca, Richard B. Slatcher, and Samuele Zilioli

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The long shadow of socioeconomic deprivation over the modern management of acute myeloid leukemia: time to unravel the challenges, M. Joseph John, Philip Kuriakose, Mark Smith, Eve Roman, and Sudhir Tauro

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US Childhood Asthma Incidence Rate Patterns From the ECHO Consortium to Identify High-Risk Groups for Primary Prevention, Christine C. Johnson, Aruna Chandran, Suzanne Havstad, Xiuhong Li, Cynthia T. McEvoy, Dennis R. Ownby, Augusto A. Litonjua, Margaret R. Karagas, Carlos A. Camargo, James E. Gern, Frank Gilliland, and Alkis Togias

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Understanding the determinants of circadian health disparities and cardiovascular disease, Dayna A. Johnson, Philip Cheng, Maya FarrHenderson, and Kristen Knutson

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Public Health Leadership During a Pandemic: Michigan's Experience, Joneigh S. Khaldun

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Racial Differences in Treatments and Toxicity in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated with Thoracic Radiation Therapy, Anna Laucis, Kimberly Hochstedler, Matthew Schipper, Peter Paximadis, Thomas Boike, Derek Bergsma, Benjamin Movsas, Munther Ajlouni, Annette E. Kretzler, Daniel Spratt, Robert Dess, Melissa Mietzel, Michael Dominello, Martha Matuszak, Reshma Jagsi, James Hayman, Lori Pierce, and Jolly Shruti

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Outcome of African-American compared to White-American patients with early-stage breast cancer, stratified by phenotype, Anna Lehrberg, Melissa B. Davis, Fadi Baidoun, Lindsay Petersen, Laura L. Susick, Brittany Jenkins, Yalei Chen, Tommy Ivanics, Ilya Rakitin, Jessica Bensenhaver, Erica Proctor, Saul David Nathanson, and Lisa A. Newman

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The call to action to increase racial and ethnic diversity in dermatology: A retrospective, cross-sectional study to monitor progress, Samantha Lopez, Jeannette Olazagasti Lourido, Henry W. Lim, Nkanyezi N. Ferguson, Amit G. Pandya, and Rebecca Vasquez

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Trends in Cirrhosis and Mortality by Age, Sex, Race, and Antiviral Treatment Status Among US Chronic Hepatitis B Patients (2006-2016), Mei Lu, Jia Li, Yueren Zhou, Loralee B. Rupp, Anne C. Moorman, Philip R. Spradling, Eyasu H. Teshale, Joseph A. Boscarino, Yihe G. Daida, Mark A. Schmidt, Sheri Trudeau, and Stuart C. Gordon

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Disparities in Utilization of Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation as Consolidative Therapy for Multiple Myeloma: A Single Institution Retrospective Review, Oleksandra Lupak, Xiaoxia Han, Peter Xie, Kannan Thanikachalam, Hiba Jabbour-Aida, Shatha Farhan, and Josephine Emole

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Disparities in outcomes after spine surgery: a Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative study, Mohamed Macki, Travis Hamilton, Seokchun Lim, Edvin Telemi, Michael Bazydlo, David R. Nerenz, Hesham M. Zakaria, Lonni Schultz, Jad G. Khalil, Miguelangelo J. Perez-Cruet, Ilyas S. Aleem, Paul Park, Jason M. Schwalb, Muwaffak M. Abdulhak, and Victor Chang

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Limited Evidence for Use of a Black Race Modifier in eGFR Calculations: A Systematic Review, Mark A. Marzinke, Dina N. Greene, Patrick M. Bossuyt, Allison B. Chambliss, Lauren R. Cirrincione, Christopher R. McCudden, Stacy E.F. Melanson, Jaime H. Noguez, Khushbu Patel, Asa E. Radix, Yemisi Takwoingi, Gabrielle N. Winston-McPherson, Bessie A. Young, and Melanie P. Hoenig

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Biases, Barriers, and Possible Solutions: Steps Towards Addressing Autism Researchers Under-Engagement with Racially, Ethnically, and Socioeconomically Diverse Communities, Melissa Maye, Brian A. Boyd, Frances Martínez-Pedraza, Alycia Halladay, Audrey Thurm, and David S. Mandell

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Travel distance is associated with stage at presentation and laryngectomy rates among patients with laryngeal cancer, Elliot Morse, Shivangi Lohia, Laura M. Dooley, Piyush Gupta, and Benjamin R. Roman

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Socioeconomic Status and Clinical Stage of Patients Presenting for Treatment of Chronic Venous Disease, Abdul Kader Natour, Ali Rteil, Paul Corcoran, Mitchell R. Weaver, Syed Ahsan, and Loay S. Kabbani

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Socioeconomic Disparities Do Not Affect Outcomes in Acute Limb Ischemia, Abdul Kader Natour, Alexander D. Shepard, Timothy Nypaver, Mitchell R. Weaver, and Andi Peshkepija

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Adjusting Quality Measures For Social Risk Factors Can Promote Equity In Health Care, David R. Nerenz, J. Matthew Austin, Daniel Deutscher, Karen E. Joynt Maddox, Eugene J. Nuccio, Christie Teigland, Eric Weinhandl, and Laurent G. Glance

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Disparities in esophageal cancer care based on race: a National Cancer Database analysis, Ikenna C. Okereke, Jordan Westra, Douglas Tyler, Suzanne Klimberg, Daniel Jupiter, Rohit Venkatesan, Kaelyn Brooks, and Yong-Fang Kuo

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Impact of Race and Socioeconomic Status on Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized with COVID-19, Daniel Quan, Lucía Luna Wong, Anita B. Shallal, Raghav Madan, Abel Hamdan, Heaveen Ahdi, Amir Daneshvar, Manasi Mahajan, Mohamed Nasereldin, Meredith Van Harn, Ijeoma Nnodim Opara, and Marcus J. Zervos

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Evaluation of Population-Level Changes Associated With the 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Lung Cancer Screening Recommendations in Community-Based Health Care Systems, Debra P. Ritzwoller, Rafael Meza, Nikki M. Carroll, Erica Blum-Barnett, Andrea N. Burnett-Hartman, Robert T. Greenlee, Stacey A. Honda, Christine Neslund-Dudas, Katharine A. Rendle, and Anil Vachani

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Racial differences in the systemic inflammatory response to prostate cancer, Andrew G. Rundle, Sudha M. Sadasivan, Dhananjay A. Chitale, Nilesh S. Gupta, Sean R. Williamson, Oleksandr N. Kryvenko, Yalei Chen, Kevin R. Bobbit, Deliang Tang, and Benjamin A. Rybicki

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Trauma-Informed Pediatric Primary Care: Facilitators and Challenges to the Implementation Process, Kelsey J. Sala-Hamrick, Brian Isakson, Sara Del Campo De Gonzalez, Agatha Cooper, John Buchan, Javier Aceves, Elizabeth Van Orton, Jill Holtz, and Destiny M. Waggoner

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Letter to the Editor: In Response, Anita B. Shallal, Ijeoma Nnodim Opara, and Marcus J. Zervos

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Comparison of Area Deprivation Index, Socioeconomic Parameters, and Preoperative Demographics With Postoperative Emergency Department Visits After Total Knee Arthroplasty, Jonathan Shaw, Luke D. Wesemann, Ayoola S. Ayooluwa, Clifford M. Les, Michael A. Charters, and W. Trevor North

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Racial, ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in patients undergoing left atrial appendage closure, Robbie Sparrow, Shubrandu Sanjoy, Yun-Hee Choi, Islam Y. Elgendy, Hani Jneid, Pedro A. Villablanca, David R. Holmes, Ashish Pershad, Chadi Alraies, Luciano A. Sposato, Mamas A. Mamas, and Rodrigo Bagur

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Racial, ethnic and socioeconomic disparities in patients undergoing transcatheter mitral edge-to-edge repair, Robert T. Sparrow, Shubrandu S. Sanjoy, Brian R. Lindman, Gilbert H.L. Tang, Tsuyoshi Kaneko, Jason H. Wasfy, Ashish Pershad, Pedro A. Villablanca, Mayra Guerrero, M. Chadi Alraies, Yun-Hee Choi, Luciano A. Sposato, Mamas A. Mamas, and Rodrigo Bagur

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Racial Differences in Planned Hysterectomy Procedure Route, Wan-Ting K. Su, Chad Coleman, Andrew S. Bossick, Monica Lee-Griffith, and Ganesa Wegienka

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Black Women Are More Likely Than White Women to Schedule a Uterine-Sparing Treatment for Leiomyomas, Ganesa Wegienka, Elizabeth A. Stewart, Wanda K. Nicholson, Shuaiqi Zhang, Fan Li, Laine Thomas, James B. Spies, Sateria Venable, Shannon Laughlin-Tommaso, Michael P. Diamond, Raymond M. Anchan, George Larry Maxwell, Erica E. Marsh, Evan R. Myers, Anissa I. Vines, Lauren A. Wise, Kedra Wallace, and Vanessa L. Jacoby

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Burden of sleep disturbance in non-Hispanic Black pregnant women, Kaylin M. White, Galit L. Dunietz, D'Angela S. Pitts, David A. Kalmbach, Maristella Lucchini, and Louise M. O'Brien

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Racial, Ethnic, and Sex Disparities in Patients With STEMI and Cardiogenic Shock, Lina Ya'qoub, Alejandro Lemor, Mohammed Dabbagh, William O'Neill, Akshay Khandelwal, Sara C. Martinez, Nasrien E. Ibrahim, Cindy Grines, Michele Voeltz, and Mir B. Basir

Submissions from 2020

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The effect of race on clinical presentation and outcomes in neurosarcoidosis, Muhammad Affan, Abhimanyu Mahajan, Tooba Rehman, Mohammed Kananeh, Lonni Schultz, and Mirela Cerghet

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Racial-Ethnic Inequity in Young Adults with Type 1 Diabetes, Shivani Agarwal, Lauren G. Kanapka, Jennifer K. Raymond, Ashby Walker, Andrea Gerard-Gonzalez, Davida F. Kruger, Maria J. Redondo, Michael R. Rickels, Viral N. Shah, Ashley Butler, Jeffrey Gonzalez, Alandra S. Verdejo, Robin L. Gal, Steven Willi, and Judith A. Long

. IMPACT OF RACE AND ETHNICITY ON PROGNOSTIC MODELS OF OUTCOMES IN PRIMARY SCLEROSING CHOLANGITIS, Christopher L. Bowlus, David Assis, Jialin Wu, Cynthia Levy, David S. Goldberg, Lisa Forman, Barry Schlansky, Craig Lammert, Stacey Prenner, K. Rajender Reddy, Stuart C. Gordon, Joseph Ahn, Joseph B. Zepeda, Marina G. Silveira, James L. Boyer, and Brad H. Pollock

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Racial Differences in the Association between Luminal Master Regulator Gene Expression Levels and Breast Cancer Survival, Jung S. Byun, Sandeep Singhal, Samson Park, Dae I. Yi, Tingfen Yan, Ambar Caban, Alana Jones, Partha Mukhopadhyay, Sara M. Gil, Stephen M. Hewitt, Lisa Newman, Melissa B. Davis, Brittany D. Jenkins, Jorge L. Sepulveda, Adriana De Siervi, Anna M. Nápoles, Nasreen A A. Vohra, and Kevin Gardner

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The Impact of Socioeconomic Status, Race/Ethnicity, and Patient Perceptions on Medication Adherence in Depression Treatment, Mansi Chawa, Hsueh-Han Yeh, Mohan Gautam, Anjali Thakrar, Esther Akinyemi, and Brian Ahmedani

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Racial discrimination as a mediator of racial disparities in insomnia disorder, Philip Cheng, Ruby Cuellar, Dayna A. Johnson, David A. Kalmbach, Christine LM Joseph, Andrea Cuamatzi-Castelan, Chaewon Sagong, Melynda D. Casement, and Christopher L. Drake

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Breast and prostate cancers harbor common somatic copy number alterations that consistently differ by race and are associated with survival, Yalei Chen, Sudha M. Sadasivan, Ruicong She, Indrani Datta, Kanika Taneja, Dhananjay A. Chitale, Nilesh S. Gupta, Melissa B. Davis, Lisa A. Newman, Craig G. Rogers, Pamela L. Paris, Jia Li, Benjamin A. Rybicki, and Albert M. Levin

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Racial Differences in Psychological Symptoms and Eating Behaviors Among Bariatric Surgery Candidates, Shannon M. Clark-Sienkiewicz, Leah M. Hecht, Bethany Pester, Kellie Martens, Aaron Hamann, Arthur M. Carlin, and Lisa R. Miller-Matero

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An Investigation of Racial Disparities in Weight Loss Outcomes: Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Versus Sleeve Gastrectomy, Shannon M. Clark-Sienkiewicz and Lisa R. Miller-Matero

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Location of Violent Crime Relative to Trauma Resources in Detroit: Implications for Community Interventions, Michael J. Clery, Daniel A. Dworkis, Tolulope Sonuyi, Joneigh S. Khaldun, and Mahshid Abir

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Does a Multidisciplinary Approach to Invasive Breast Cancer Care Improve Time to Treatment and Patient Compliance?, Samfee Doe, Shariska Petersen, Thomas Buekers, and Monique Swain

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Implementation of breast cancer continuum of care in low- and middle-income countries during the COVID-19 pandemic, Hagar Elghazawy, Joaira Bakkach, Mohamed S Zaghloul, Atlal Abusanad, Mariam Mohamed Hussein, Mohamed Alorabi, Nermean Bahie Eldin, Thanaa Helal, Tarek M Zaghloul, Bhanu P. Venkatesulu, Hesham Elghazaly, and Sana Al-Sukhun

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Increasing Use of Cardiac and Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Traditional and Community Settings: OPPORTUNITIES TO REDUCE HEALTH CARE DISPARITIES, Jerome L. Fleg, Steven J. Keteyian, Pamela N. Peterson, Roberto Benzo, Joseph Finkelstein, Daniel E. Forman, Diann E. Gaalema, Lawton S. Cooper, Antonello Punturieri, Lyndon Joseph, Susan Shero, and Susan Zieman

Racial Disparities Among Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Patients: A Retrospective Survival Analysis of Non-Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Patients, Kendyll J. Gartrelle, Eric M. Schaff, Celina Kirsch, David Kwon, Munther Ajlouni, Gazala Khan, Rupen Shah, Irina Dobrosotskaya, Parag J. Parikh, and Farzan Siddiqui

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Normal alkaline phosphatase levels are dependent on race/ethnicity: NationalGEP Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data, Humberto C. Gonzalez, Zaid Imam, Robert Wong, Jia Li, Mei Lu, Sheri Trudeau, Stuart C. Gordon, Mohammad Imam, and Robert Gish

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Comparison of racial distribution of photodermatoses in USA academic dermatology clinics: A multicenter retrospective analysis of 1080 patients over a 10-year period, Remi Hamel, Tasneem F. Mohammad, Adam Chahine, Andrew Joselow, Garrett Vick, Stella Radosta, Erin Boh, Maria Alora-Palli, Rachel L Mistur, Elma D Baron, Kevin D Cooper, and Henry W. Lim

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Commentary: Despair and disparity, Zane T. Hammoud

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Socioeconomic and Racial Disparities in Bariatric Surgery, Leah Hecht, Bethany Pester, Jordan M. Braciszewski, Amy E. Graham, Kara Mayer, Kellie Martens, Aaron Hamann, Arthur M. Carlin, and Lisa R. Miller-Matero

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The Role of Facility Variation on Racial Disparities in Use of Hypofractionated Whole Breast Radiotherapy, Anna M. Laucis, Reshma Jagsi, Kent A. Griffith, Michael M. Dominello, Eleanor M. Walker, Eyad I. Abu-Isa, Joshua T. Dilworth, Frank Vicini, Paul G. Kocheril, Cynthia H. Browne, Melissa A. Mietzel, Jean M. Moran, James A. Hayman, and Lori J. Pierce

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Racial Differences in a Detroit, MI, ICU Population of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Patients, Michael H. Lazar, Raef Fadel, Jayna Gardner-Gray, Geneva Tatem, Martina T. Caldwell, Jennifer Swiderek, and Jeffrey H. Jennings

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Dermatology Resident Selection: Shifting Toward Holistic Review?, Janiene Luke, Lynn Cornelius, and Henry W. Lim