Characterization of purinergic receptor expression in ARPKD cystic epithelia.
Palygin O, Ilatovskaya DV, Levchenko V, Klemens CA, Dissanayake L, Williams AM, Pavlov TS, Staruschenko A. Characterization of purinergic receptor expression in ARPKD cystic epithelia. Purinergic Signal. 2018 14(4):485-497.
Polycystic kidney diseases (PKDs) are a group of inherited nephropathies marked by formation of fluid-filled cysts along the nephron. Growing evidence suggests that in the kidney formation of cysts and alteration of cystic electrolyte transport are associated with purinergic signaling. PCK/CrljCrl-Pkhd1pck/CRL (PCK) rat, an established model of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), was used here to test this hypothesis. Cystic fluid of PCK rats and their cortical tissues exhibited significantly higher levels of ATP compared to Sprague Dawley rat kidney cortical interstitium as assessed by highly sensitive ATP enzymatic biosensors. Confocal calcium imaging of the freshly isolated cystic monolayers revealed a stronger response to ATP in a higher range of concentrations (above 100 μM). The removal of extracellular calcium results in the profound reduction of the ATP evoked transient, which suggests calcium entry into the cyst-lining cells is occurring via the extracellular (ionotropic) P2X channels. Further use of pharmacological agents (α,β-methylene-ATP, 5-BDBD, NF449, isoPPADS, AZ10606120) and immunofluorescent labeling of isolated cystic epithelia allowed us to narrow down potential candidate receptors. In conclusion, our ex vivo study provides direct evidence that the profile of P2 receptors is shifted in ARPKD cystic epithelia in an age-related manner towards prevalence of P2X
Medical Subject Headings
Age Factors; Animals; Calcium; Cysts; Kidney; Male; Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Receptors, Purinergic; Receptors, Purinergic P2X4; Receptors, Purinergic P2X7; Signal Transduction