Role of connecting tubule glomerular feedback in obesity related renal damage
Monu SR, Maheshwari M, Peterson EL, Carretero OA. Role of connecting tubule glomerular feedback in obesity related renal damage. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2018;315(6):F1708-F1713.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology
Zucker obese rats (ZOR) have higher glomerular capillary pressure (PGC) that can cause renal damage. PGC is controlled by afferent (Af-Art) and efferent arteriole (Ef-Art) resistance. Af-Art resistance is regulated by factors that regulate other arterioles, such as myogenic response. In addition, it is also regulated by 2 intrinsic feedback mechanisms: 1) tubuloglomerular feedback (TGF) that causes Af-Art constriction in response to increased NaCl in the macula densa and 2) connecting tubule glomerular feedback (CTGF) that causes Af-Art dilatation in response to an increase in NaCl transport in the connecting tubule via the epithelial sodium channel. Since CTGF is an Af-Art dilatory mechanism, we hypothesized that increased CTGF contributes to TGF attenuation, which in turn increases PGC in ZOR. We performed a renal micropuncture experiment and measured stop-flow pressure (PSF), which is an indirect measurement of PGC in ZOR. Maximal TGF response at 40 nl/min was attenuated in ZOR (4.47 ± 0.60 mmHg) in comparison to the Zucker lean rats (ZLR; 8.54 ± 0.73 mmHg, P < 0.05), and CTGF was elevated in ZOR (5.34 ± 0.87 mmHg) compared with ZLR (1.12 ± 1.28 mmHg, P < 0.05). CTGF inhibition with epithelial sodium channel blocker normalized the maximum PSF change in ZOR indicating that CTGF plays a significant role in TGF attenuation (ZOR, 10.67 ± 1.07 mmHg vs. ZLR, 9.5 ± 1.53 mmHg). We conclude that enhanced CTGF contributes to TGF attenuation in ZOR and potentially contribute to progressive renal damage.