Title

Direct renal effects of a fructose-enriched diet: interaction with high salt intake.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2015

Publication Title

American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology

Abstract

Consumption of fructose has increased during the last 50 years. Excessive fructose consumption has a detrimental effect on mammalian health but the mechanisms remain unclear. In humans, a direct relationship exists between dietary intake of added sugars and increased risk for cardiovascular disease mortality (52). While the causes for this are unclear, we recently showed that fructose provided in the drinking water induces a salt-dependent increase in blood pressure in Sprague-Dawley rats in a matter of days (6). However, little is known about the effects of fructose in renal salt handling and whether combined intake of high fructose and salt can lead to salt-sensitive hypertension before the development of metabolic abnormalities. The long-term (more than 4 wk) adverse effects of fructose intake on renal function are not just due to fructose but are also secondary to alterations in metabolism which may have an impact on renal function. This minireview focuses on the acute effect of fructose intake and its effect on salt regulation, as they affect blood pressure.

Medical Subject Headings

Administration, Oral; Animals; Blood Pressure; Dietary Carbohydrates; Fructose; Humans; Hypertension; Kidney; Metabolic Clearance Rate; Models, Biological; Sodium Chloride, Dietary

PubMed ID

26447210

Volume

309

Issue

9

First Page

1078

Last Page

1081

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