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The FASEB journal


4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4HNE), an oxidative stress byproduct, is elevated in diabetes which decreases coronary angiogenesis, and this was rescued by the 4HNE detoxifying enzyme, aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2). Adiponectin (APN), an adipocytokine, has pro-angiogenic properties and its loss of function is critical in diabetes and its complications. Coronary endothelial cell (CEC) damage is the initiating step of diabetes-mediated heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) pathogenesis. Thus, we hypothesize that ALDH2 restores 4HNE-induced downregulation of APN signaling in CECs and subsequent coronary angiogenesis in diabetic HFpEF. Treatment with disulfiram, an ALDH2 inhibitor, exacerbated 4HNE-mediated decreases in APN-induced increased coronary angiogenesis and APN-signaling cascades, whereas pretreatment with alda1, an ALDH2 activator, rescued the effect of 4HNE. We employed control mice (db/m), spontaneous type-2 diabetic mice (db/db), ALDH2*2 knock-in mutant mice with intrinsic low ALDH2 activity (AL), and diabetic mice with intrinsic low ALDH2 activity (AF) mice that were created by crossing db/db and AL mice to test our hypothesis in vivo. AF mice exhibited heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF)/severe diastolic dysfunction at 6 months with a preserved systolic function compared with db/db mice as well as 3 months of their age. Decreased APN-mediated coronary angiogenesis, along with increased circulatory APN levels and decreased cardiac APN signaling (index of APN resistance) were higher in AF mice relative to db/db mice. Alda1 treatment improved APN-mediated angiogenesis in AF and db/db mice. In summary, 4HNE-induces APN resistance and a subsequent decrease in coronary angiogenesis in diabetic mouse heart which was rescued by ALDH2.

Medical Subject Headings

Adiponectin; Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial; Animals; Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental; Heart Failure; Mice; Stroke Volume

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