Hutton MA, Sundaram A, Perri MB, Zervos MJ, and Herc ES. Assessment of invitrosynergy of daptomycin or vancomycin plus ceftaroline for daptomycin non-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 2020; 98(3):115126.
Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease
The combination of vancomycin or daptomycin plus ceftaroline has showed synergistic results in vitro. This study aimed to investigate in vitro synergy of vancomycin or daptomycin plus ceftaroline for seven patients with daptomycin non-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (SA) bacteremia Thirteen isolates from seven patients were evaluated: two methicillin-susceptible and five methicillin-resistant SA infections. All patients were treated with daptomycin and became non-susceptible (minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) >1 μg/mL) with therapy or had resistant strains initially. Time kill experiments were completed with 0.25 × MIC, 0.5 × MIC, and 0.75 × MIC concentrations. No synergy was seen at 0.25 × MIC. Synergy was observed for 4 isolates with vancomycin plus ceftaroline and with daptomycin plus ceftaroline for 2 isolates at 0.5 × MIC. These results are in accordance with literature that supports synergistic combinations of daptomycin or vancomycin with ceftaroline for SA bacteremia. Daptomycin non-susceptible SA bacteremia presents a treatment challenge.