Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-1-2021

Publication Title

Journal of clinical virology

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Subclinical cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia has been associated with other infections, prolonged hospitalization, and mortality in select immunosuppressed populations. We examined the incidence and outcomes of subclinical CMV viremia in hospitalized patients with systemic autoimmune diseases (AD) [systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV)] using a highly sensitive CMV assay.

METHODS: Prospectively collected samples were obtained from AD hospitalized patients at study entry with a second sample collected 1 week later or at hospital discharge. Controls included age- and gender- matched inpatients without AD and outpatients with AD. All samples were tested in batch using the Abbott RealTime CMV for investigational use assay (RT assay), with a LLOD (LLOQ) at 21 IU/mL (32 IU/mL).

RESULTS: Twenty-three inpatients (10 SLE, 8 AAV, 5 controls), and 31 outpatient controls were recruited. Subclinical CMV viremia was found in 61% (11/18) of inpatient AD subjects, 3% (1/31) of outpatient AD subjects, and in none of the five inpatient controls (p < 0.001). CMV viremia was associated with increased median length of ICU stay (13 vs. 4 days, p = 0.033), hospital stay (17 vs. 9 days, p = 0.014) and increased nosocomial infections (7 vs. 1, p = 0.007). CMV viremia was not associated with overall severity of illness nor with disease-specific activity or damage.

CONCLUSION: Over one-half of hospitalized AD patients in our cohort had detectable CMV viremia, which was associated with increased length of hospital stay and nosocomial infections. These data suggest that further study of the immunomodulatory effects of subclinical CMV viremia in AD is warranted.

PubMed ID

34023574

ePublication

ePub ahead of print

Volume

140

First Page

104849

Last Page

104849

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