Maki G, and Zervos M. Health Care-Acquired Infections in Low- and Middle-Income Countries and the Role of Infection Prevention and Control. Infect Dis Clin North Am 2021; 35(3):827-839.
Infectious disease clinics of North America
Health care-associated infections (HAIs) account for many morbidity and mortality worldwide, with disproportionate adverse effects in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Many factors contribute to the impact in LMIC, including lack of infrastructure, inconsistent surveillance, deficiency in trained personnel and infection control programs, and poverty-related factors. Therefore, optimal approaches must be tailored for LMIC and balance effectiveness and cost in the control of HAIs.