Title

A Multicenter Prospective Registry Study of Lung Transplant Recipients Hospitalized with COVID-19

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date

4-1-2021

Publication Title

The Journal of heart and lung transplantation

Abstract

Purpose: Outcomes of lung transplant recipients (LTR) hospitalized for COVID-19 and comparisons to non-lung solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR) are incompletely described.

Methods: Using a multicenter prospective registry of SOTR, we examined 28-day outcomes (mortality [primary outcome], intensive care unit (ICU) admission, mechanical ventilation, and bacterial pneumonia) among both LTR and non-lung SOTR hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 diagnosed between March 1, 2020 and September 21, 2020. Data were analyzed using Stata (StataCorp, College Station, TX); chi-square tests were used to compare categorical variables and multivariable logistic regression was used to assess risk factors for mortality.

Results: The cohort included 72 LTR and 392 non-lung SOTR (Table 1). Overall, 28-day mortality trended higher in LTR vs. non-lung SOTR (27.8% vs. 19.9%, P=0.136). Other 28-day outcomes were similar between LTR and non-lung SOTR: ICU admission (45.8% vs. 39.1%, P=0.28), mechanical ventilation (32.9% vs. 31.1%, P=0.78), and bacterial pneumonia (15.3% vs. 8.2%, P=0.063). Congestive heart failure, diabetes, age >65 years, and obesity (BMI >= 30) were independently associated with mortality in non-lung SOTR, but not in LTR (Table 2).

Conclusion: In this large prospective cohort comparing lung and non-lung SOTR hospitalized for COVID-19, there were high but not significantly different rates of short-term morbidity and mortality. Baseline comorbidities appeared to drive mortality in non-lung SOTR but not LTR. Further studies are needed to identify risk factors for mortality among LTR.

Volume

40

Issue

4

First Page

S141

This document is currently not available here.

Share

COinS