Caceres PS, Mendez M, Haque MZ, Ortiz PA. Vesicle-associated Membrane Protein 3 (VAMP3) Mediates Constitutive Trafficking of the Renal Co-transporter NKCC2 in Thick Ascending Limbs: ROLE IN RENAL FUNCTION AND BLOOD PRESSURE. J Biol Chem. 2016 Oct 14;291(42):22063-22073.
The Journal of biological chemistry
Renal cells of the thick ascending limb (TAL) reabsorb NaCl via the apical Na+/K+/2Cl- co-transporter NKCC2. Trafficking of NKCC2 to the apical surface regulates NKCC2-mediated NaCl absorption and blood pressure. The molecular mechanisms by which NKCC2 reaches the apical surface and their role in renal function and maintenance of blood pressure are poorly characterized. Here we report that NKCC2 interacts with the vesicle fusion protein VAMP3, and they co-localize at the TAL apical surface. We observed that silencing VAMP3 in vivo blocks constitutive NKCC2 exocytic delivery, decreasing the amount of NKCC2 at the TAL apical surface. VAMP3 is not required for cAMP-stimulated NKCC2 exocytic delivery. Additionally, genetic deletion of VAMP3 in mice decreased total expression of NKCC2 in the TAL and lowered blood pressure. Consistent with these results, urinary excretion of water and electrolytes was higher in VAMP3 knock-out mice, which produced more diluted urine. We conclude that VAMP3 interacts with NKCC2 and mediates its constitutive exocytic delivery to the apical surface. Additionally, VAMP3 is required for normal NKCC2 expression, renal function, and blood pressure.
Medical Subject Headings
Animals; Blood Pressure; Cyclic AMP; Exocytosis; Gene Expression Regulation; Kidney; Male; Mice; Protein Transport; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Sodium Chloride; Solute Carrier Family 12, Member 1; Vesicle-Associated Membrane Protein 3