Multicenter Evaluation of Current Knowledge of Intestinal Transplantation and Rehabilitation Among Trainee Physicians

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Transplantation proceedings


BACKGROUND: The management of intestinal failure has evolved dramatically over the last 2 decades. In addition, improved management of patients requiring parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease is creating a paradigm shift in both intestinal failure management and in the evolving indications for intestinal transplantation.

OBJECTIVES: We conducted an evaluation measuring current awareness among house officers (HO) regarding nutritional and transplant principles in the management of intestinal disease. Our goal was to use board-style questions with a single correct response to measure current knowledge level between HO.

METHODS: A survey was distributed to HO via email to measure knowledge regarding 3 areas: principles of intestinal failure (PI), medical management of intestinal disease (MI), and transplantation for intestinal disease (TI). This was evaluated at 3 busy nontransplant centers (NTC) and a tertiary care intestine transplant center (TC). Statistical analysis was conducted using the independent samples t test and multiple linear regression analysis.

RESULTS: Surveys were distributed to a total of 1068 HO; 208 (19.47%) responded. We received 139 responses (67%) from NTC and 69 (33%) from TC. 82% were postgraduate year (PGY) 1-3 and 18% were PGY 4-7. Of the respondents, 27% correctly answered questions regarding PI, 40% about MI, and 21% on TI. HO in NTC demonstrated more knowledge regarding PI than those in TC (P = .000). There was, otherwise, no difference between PGY 1-3 and PGY 4-7 (P > .05).

CONCLUSIONS: This evaluation demonstrates potential deficiencies in the basic understanding of issues surrounding intestinal disease that can be used for implementation of an educational program regarding intestinal disease and transplantation.

Medical Subject Headings

Education, Medical, Continuing; Female; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Intestinal Diseases; Intestines; Male; Organ Transplantation; Parenteral Nutrition, Total; Physicians

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