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Am J Prev Cardiol


Introduction: The interplay between sleep duration and inflammation on the baseline and incident cardiovascular (CV) risk is unknown. We sought to evaluate the association between sleep duration, C-reactive protein (CRP), baseline CV risk, and incident CV mortality.

Methods: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2010 linked with the cause of death data from the National Center for Health Statistics for adults aged ≥18 years. The associations between self-reported sleep duration and CRP, 10-year atherosclerotic CV disease risk score (ASCVD) and CV mortality were assessed using Linear, Poisson and Cox proportional hazard modeling as appropriate.

Results: There were 17,635 eligible participants with a median age of 46 years (interquartile range [IQR] 31, 63). Among them, 51.3% were women and 46.9% were non-Hispanic Whites. Over a median follow-up of 7.5 years (IQR 6.0, 9.1), 350 CV deaths occurred at an incident rate of 2.7 per 1000-person years (IQR 2.4, 3.0). We observed a U-shaped associations between sleep duration and incident CV mortality rate (P-trend=0.011), sleep duration and 10-year ASCVD risk (P-trend <0.001), as well as sleep duration and CRP (P-trend <0.001). A self-reported sleep duration of 6-7 hours appeared most optimal. We observed that those participants who reported <6 or >7 hours of sleep had higher risk of CV death attributable to inflammation after accounting for confounders.

Conclusions: There was a U-shaped relationship of incident CV mortality, 10-year ASCVD risk, and CRP with sleep duration. These findings suggest an interplay between sleep duration, inflammation, and CV risk.

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