Assessing the Safety and Efficacy of Rivaroxaban for Stroke Prevention in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title



An effective anticoagulation therapy is required for patients with atrial fibrillation because it presents a significant risk of stroke. The current study evaluates the relative safety as well as efficacy of rivaroxaban in patients who are diagnosed with atrial fibrillation. A thorough literature review of relevant databases was conducted, focusing on academic and clinical studies that were published from 2017 onward. Inclusion criteria comprised randomized controlled trials and other observational studies comparing the incidence of stroke and the safety index of rivaroxaban in atrial fibrillation. We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) for data overview reporting and overview. A total of 21 studies were selected based on the inclusion criteria. A total of 19/21 studies advocated the adoption of rivaroxaban for minimizing stroke incidence. Rivaroxaban also showed superiority in achieving the therapeutic objectives, i.e., reduction in the incidence of stroke. The results for rivaroxaban against warfarin showed an improved safety index and effectiveness of rivaroxaban. The total effect size for the analysis was calculated to be Z=2.62 (p-value=0.009). The individual effect of all studies favored the "rivaroxaban" group. The heterogeneity in the study was as follows: tau(2)=0.10; chi(2)=110.10, df=6; I(2)=95%. The second analysis for risk reduction and incidence of stroke after rivaroxaban therapy also showed a bias towards rivaroxaban therapy. The combined effect for the analysis was found to be as follows: HR=0.73 ((95% CI: 0.50, 1.07). The total effect was calculated to be Z=1.61 (p-value= 0.10). The heterogeneity was found to be as follows: tau(2)= 0.20, chi(2)=89.97, df=6, I(2)=93%. Standard dosing of rivaroxaban emerges as a preferred strategy for stroke prevention, balancing efficacy and safety. Clinical decision-making should consider individual patient characteristics and future research should delve into specific subpopulations and long-term outcomes to further refine treatment guidelines.

PubMed ID






First Page


Last Page