Recent advances in the treatment of Ebola disease: A brief overview

Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

PLoS Pathog


Ebola disease (EBOD) remains a significant and ongoing threat to African countries, characterized by a mortality rate of 25% to 90% in patients with high viral load and significant transmissibility. The most recent outbreak, reported in Uganda in September 2022, was declared officially over in January 2023. However, it was caused by the Sudan Ebola virus (SUDV), a culprit species not previously reported for a decade. Since its discovery in 1976, the management of EBOD has primarily relied on supportive care. Following the devastating outbreak in West Africa from 2014 to 2016 secondary to the Zaire Ebola virus (EBOV), where over 28,000 lives were lost, dedicated efforts to find effective therapeutic agents have resulted in considerable progress in treating and preventing disease secondary to EBOV. Notably, 2 monoclonal antibodies-Ebanga and a cocktail of monoclonal antibodies, called Inmazeb-received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in 2020. Additionally, multiple vaccines have been approved for EBOD prevention by various regulatory bodies, with Ervebo, a recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus-vectored vaccine against EBOV being the first vaccine to receive approval by the FDA in 2019. This review covers the key signs and symptoms of EBOD, its modes of transmission, and the principles guiding supportive care. Furthermore, it explores recent advancements in treating and preventing EBOD, highlighting the unique properties of each therapeutic agent and the ongoing progress in discovering new treatments.

Medical Subject Headings

Humans; Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola; Antibodies, Viral; Ebola Vaccines; Ebolavirus; Viral Vaccines; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Uganda

PubMed ID






First Page


Last Page