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Training Level

Resident PGY 2


Henry Ford Hospital


Background: Surgical resection remains the gold standard treatment modality for clinically localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). However, the optimal follow-up period in these individuals is controversial, and the current recommendations are based on retrospective data, which inevitably contain attrition bias. Our objective was to re-visit the recurrence rate of surgically treated intermediate-high risk RCC patients using randomized clinical trial data. MethodsWe performed a post-hoc analysis of all the patients that were included in the ECOG-ACRIN E2805 Trial. We assessed post-operative recurrence rates using the cumulative incidence method. Conditional estimates of a 36-month recurrence for patients whom did not have recurrence at set intervals following surgery was performed. Assessment of routinely available clinical and pathological features in predicting disease recurrence at time 0-months after surgery was compared it to that of the same features at 60-months after surgery.ResultsThe original cohort consisted of 1943 patients . Median follow-up for the 1508 patients whom were alive at the end of the study was 67.9 months (IQR 56.7 – 82.0). 730 patients developed disease recurrence. The 36-month cumulative incidence of recurrence was found to be 31.1% (IQR 29.3 – 33.6) for the entire cohort at 0-months from surgery. The rate changed to 26.0% (IQR 23.7 – 28.2), 18.8% (IQR 16.5 – 21.1), 16.1% (IQR 13.6 – 18.8), 18.9% (IQR 15.0 – 23.1) and 20.3% (IQR 12.5 – 28.1) for patients whom did not have recurrence at 12-, 24-, 36-, 48- and 60-months from surgery, respectively. At time 0-month from surgery, age (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.01, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00-1.02), pathologic T3/4 stage (HR: 1.557, 95%CI: 1.17 - 2.07), pathologic N1/2 stage (HR: 2.38, 95%CI: 1.85 - 3.07), Fuhrman grade 3 (HR: 1.36, 95%CI: 1.14 - 1.62) and Fuhrman grade 4 (HR: 2.41, 95%CI: 1.96 - 2.96) were independent predictors of recurrence. Conversely, none of the aforementioned covariates were predictors of disease recurrence at 60-months following surgery. Conclusions: Long-term follow-up, beyond 5-years, is supported by the findings within the present study. Also, the usual independent predictors that are frequently used to guide patient follow-up demonstrated validity immediately following surgery however lose their predictive power at 5 years from surgery.

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Long-term risk of recurrence in surgically treated intermediate-high risk renal cell carcinoma: a post-hoc analysis of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group - American College of Radiology Imaging Network E2805 Trial cohort