McCullough PA, Sandberg KR, Yee J, Hudson MP. Mortality benefit of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors after cardiac events in patients with end-stage renal disease. JRAAS - Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System 2002; 3(3):188-191.
JRAAS - Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System
Hypothesis/introduction. The risks and benefits of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) after cardiac events are unknown. We sought to determine the independent effect of ACE inhibitors (ACE-I) on long-term mortality in ESRD patients after cardiac events. Materials and methods. We analysed a prospective coronary care unit registry and identified 527 ESRD patients, 368 with complete data on medications prescribed, over eight years at a single, tertiary centre. Results. The overall mean age was 64.4±13.8 years with 54.9% men, and 59.2% African-American. A total of 143/386 (37.0%) were prescribed ACE-I during the hospital stay for cardiac reasons, including congestive heart failure (CHF) 52.8% and acute coronary syndromes (ACS) 47.2%. There were no significant differences in the rates of hypotension or arrhythmias in those who were treated with ACE-I versus those who were not. Survival analysis over three years, adjusted for known confounders, demonstrated a 37% reduction in all-cause mortality in those who received ACE-I, (p=0.0145). Conclusions. In the setting of coronary care unit admission for CHF and ACS, ESRD patients selected for ACE-I, did not have increased rates of adverse haemodynamic or arrhythmic complications. The use of ACE-I conferred an independent mortality reduction over long-term follow-up.