Geletu A, Gardner-Gray J, Roche M, and Ngassa M. Cardiac Arrest as the First Presentation of Gitelman Syndrome. Cureus 2023; 15(1):e33565.
Gitelman syndrome is a salt-wasting tubulopathy characterized by profound hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, metabolic alkalosis, and hypocalciuria. Cardiac arrest is a relatively rare manifestation of Gitelman syndrome. Here we present a case of Gitelman syndrome in a patient with recurrent cardiac arrest. A 43-year-old female was admitted for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest secondary to ventricular fibrillation. Initial workup revealed severe hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, metabolic alkalosis, and prolonged QTc. The workup revealed a picture of salt-wasting tubulopathy with hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, and hypocalciuria. Potassium was repleted aggressively, and the patient received potassium-sparing agents resulting in the stabilization of potassium levels. Before discharge, an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) was placed for secondary prevention of cardiac arrest. The patient remained symptom-free, and electrolytes remained stable. This case highlights the diagnostic challenges of Gitelman syndrome and the importance of accurate diagnosis in improving patient outcomes.